Engelhard bullion, is a name synonymous with bullion investors for
quality silver and gold bullion.
Since the company's inception, Engelhard has been associated with precious metals.
The founder of the company, Charles Engelhard, Sr., immigrated to the United States from Germany, in 1881.
He came over to the United States as a foreign sales agent, from his employer, a platinum marketer.
Engelhard saw opportunity in the United States and decided to stay in the country.
Over the next 20 years, Charles Engelhard Sr. began to acquire equity
positions in several precious metals companies.
In 1902. Charles purchased the Charles F. Croselmire Company in Newark, New Jersey. He later united several companies he had secured equity positions.
These companies included, Baker & Co., Irvington Smelting,
Hanovia Company and American Platinum Works and the Charles F.
Charles Engelhard, Sr., combined these companies into a Precious Metals Enterprise, under the name Engelhard Industries, its headquarters was located in Newark, New Jersey.
The company was a producer of silver and silver alloys in mill forms and it was the operator of the world's largest precious metals smelter.
In 1950, after Charles Engelhard, Sr. died, Charles Engelhard, Jr. assumed control of Engelhard Industries.
After taking over the company, Engelhard Jr., expanded operations to South Africa, South America and Europe and built Engelhard Industries into one of the world's leading refiners of precious metals.
If you are a fan of James Bond, and think Charles Engelhard Jr. looks familiar in these pictures, your suspicions would be correct.
Ian Fleming, the creator of the James Bond Series and a friend of Engelhard, used Charles Engelhard Jr. as his inspiration for the character 'Auric Goldfinger,' in the novel and film; Goldfinger.Goldfinger
Charles Engelhard, Jr. died on March 2nd, 1971. Sadly, he did not live to see some of his company's biggest and most profitable innovations, concerning platinum group metals (PGMs).
In the early 70's, after Engelhard's death, the company developed the first catalytic converter, for gasoline engines, helping the American auto-industry meet stiff new EPA standards.
The converter's design used a platinum honeycomb that changed exhaust
from an internal combustion engine into less toxic substances.
Engelhard Corporation was a former Fortune 500 company, it is now owned by BASF Chemical Company.
On May 30, 2006, Engelhard Industries was taken over by BASF Chemical Company after the board agreed for the takeover of BASF.
BASF paid $US39 per share, for the company. The transaction totaled $5 billion.
BASF SE is the largest chemical company in the world and is headquartered in Ludwigshafen, Germany.
The Engelhard 1oz. silver rounds were the first bullion rounds minted and marketed to the public.
The company started "The American Prospector" gold and silver bullion rounds in the 1970's and continued to mint them, until 1988.
The gold rounds are much harder to find, they were produced in the following sizes:
and in 1 troy oz.
"The American Prospector" silver rounds were produced in the following sizes:
and in 1 troy oz.
Just like the gold rounds, the fractional sized silver rounds were produced in smaller amounts and are much harder to find.
Plus, the smaller silver bullion rounds have higher premiums, due to the rarity of the round.
The 1oz. sized rounds can usually be found nearest to the spot price of silver.
The obverse side of the round, shows the image of a prospector panning for gold. In addition the obverse side displays the words "U.S.A", the year of issue and the name of the Engelhard round, "The American Prospector."
The reverse side displays the Engelhard logo or a Silver Eagle, included on this side is the weight and purity of the round.
Unfortunately, the company (now BASF), no longer produces bullion for the public, although you can still find them on the secondary market, through different bullion dealers and auction sites.
Even-though the company no longer produces bullion for investment
purposes, they do still deal in the precious metals industry concerning
the platinum group of metals (PGMs).
In the mid-70's, when inflation was rearing its ugly head, Engelhard realized that there was a strong consumer demand for precious metals bullion.
Engelhard made gold, silver, platinum & palladium bullion bars during
this time. It wasn't until the early 1980's, that the company started to
produce bullion rounds.
Even though the company's expertise was in the Platinum Group Metals (PMGs), Engelhard is best known among bullion investors for their silver bullion.
Most Engelhard bullion bars are marked with a serial number (but not
all), in addition, most Engelhard bars display it's Name or a large "E" along with the bar's weight and purity.
Minted Bullion Bars - are cut from a cast bar that has been rolled to a uniform thickness. The cutting is done with a die to create blanks that have a specified dimension and weight. All the surfaces are smooth and even. Markings are usually stamped on the bar using a minting press. In addition, company markings on minted bars will be "raised" due to this process. (Minted bullion photo provided by the courtesy of Heraeus)
Casting or Poured Bullion Bars - are produced by pouring molten precious metal directly into a mold. Markings are usually stamped on the bar using a hammer or a press. In addition, company markings on cast bars will look depressed or "sunken," into the bar.
Note: Engelhard often called their Minted bars, "Cast Bars" and their
Cast Bars, "Poured Bars."
See the 10oz. Silver bars section below, to see how the company categorized, the numerous "characterizations," on these bars.
Extruding Bullion Bars - Process in which a metal or other material is forced through a series of dies to create desired shape or shapes. Markings are usually stamped on the bar using a hammer or a press. Like Engelhard Cast or Poured bullion bars, company markings on extruded bullion bars will look depressed or "sunken," into the bar.
In reference to the serial numbers on Engelhard Bullion bars, the
company did not place the number on the bar for a data-base that the
company held or made known to the public.
The serial number was placed on the bar for the purchaser, to keep track of his or her own investments.
As for serial numbers on Gold, Platinum or Palladium Engelhard bullion
bars, there is currently no known web-based database for these numbers.
However, recently while doing research on Silver Engelhard Bullion bars for a client, one website has been found to have photos and serial numbers for the bars.
The website, 'All Engelhard,' has one of the most comprehensive lists of silver Engehard bars with serial numbers, found on the web.
Below, there are links to the individual pages for the different weights of the corresponding bullion bars.
Engelhard stopped producing investment bullion bars in 1988, after the price of precious metals had fallen and demand had dried up.
Engelhard bullion bars can still be found on the secondary market on bullion dealer's websites and auction sites.
However, BASF, Engelhard's now parent company, still produces "Good
Delivery" Platinum and Palladium bars for industrial purposes.
There is no definitive mintage number for the total amount of investment grade bullion bars Engelhard produced from the mid-70's through 1988.
When Engelhard was producing bullion, the silver bullion bars were by
far, their most popular and widely produced.
Engelhard made silver bullion bars as small as 5gram to as large as a 1000oz "Good Delivery" bar.
Odd Sized Bars
Odd sized bars are much harder to find than the more common sized bars.
Expect the value of these bars to be higher than the intrinsic value of the bullion bar due to popular demand.
Furthermore they made several silver bullion bars of odd sizes, these sizes include:
One Ounce Silver Engelhard Bars
Most of the one ounce bars were minted and were quite possibly the most widely produced.
These bars were not only made for investors but also given as gifts, made into art-bars and at the time corporations handed them out to employees as rewards.
Five Ounce Silver Engelhard Bars
Many of these bars seem to have been cast or extruded, although there
are minted versions of the 5oz bars.
'Click' here for more information, Photos and Serial Numbers on the Five Ounce Engelhard Silver Bullion Bars.
Ten Ounce Silver Engelhard Bars
The 10oz. Engelhard bullion bars were the first silver bullion bars to be produced by the company, in addition these bars probably have the most information written about them through-out the web.
Although many of these bullion bars have been melted down, mintage figures for these bars range from as high as 2 million, to as low as 1.5 million.
It is virtually impossible to know how many are still in existence.
10oz Bars were both Cast and Minted. As stated above, Engelhard kind of muffled these definitions in there early produced bullion bars.
For the 10oz. Bars with a "P" prefix before the serial number, signifies a "Poured" Bar.
10oz Bars with a "C" prefix before the serial number, signifies a "Cast" Bar or Minted Bar.
Furthermore, 10oz Bars with a "W" prefix before the serial number, signifies a "Wide Poured" Bar. "W" prefixed 10oz. bars are very rare.
Bars with no prefix, were the First to be produced in the 10oz. series, like the one in the photo, above right.
'Click' here for more information, Photos and Serial Numbers on the Ten Ounce Engelhard Silver Bullion Bars
One Hundered Ounce Silver Engelhard Bars
The Majority of the 100oz Silver bars were poured or extruded.
Unfortunately, some counterfeiter's have taken advantage of bullion investors by drilling these bars and filling them with lead.
About.Ag also has a couple of good pages on noticing the signs of a Fake Engelhard Bullion bar, "click," Here and Here, to see these pages.
'Click' here for more information, Photos and Serial Numbers on the One Hundred Ounce Engelhard Silver Bullion Bars
Due to the scarcity of these gold bars and because of the odd shapes of the bars, many of these bars carry a collector's premium.
Furthermore, due to the low production of gold Engelhard bullion bars, information about them is scarce.
The known sizes of the gold Engelhard bars are:
1oz and smaller bars, are known to be minted bars and bars above 1oz. in size are mostly cast or poured.
1oz. Engelhard gold bullion bars have been observed in both minted and poured.
Odd sized Engelhard bullion bars have also been known to be produced, the most recently observed specimen of this example was a 1.608 poured bullion bar, sold on an auction site.
The majority of serial numbers observed on the Engelhard Gold bars,
have no prefix
Information on these bullion bars are extremely hard to find, unlike
Engelhard Gold and Silver bullion.
Known sizes of Engelhard bullion bars in both Platinum and Palladium are the 1oz and 10oz. bars and these bars are known to be minted.
Engelhard Bullion Sources:
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