Homepage / Bullion Coins: Mexican Libertads / 1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad

Last Updated 06/11/2024

1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad

1982 to Present

The Mexican Silver Libertad's design and limited mintage make it one of the most highly sought-after physical silver bullion investment assets.

Mexican Independence

Libertad, translated in English, means 'Freedom.'

The Libertad is a symbol of Mexico's Independence, which won its independence from Spain on August 24th, 1821.

However, this is not the date of Mexico's celebrated 'Independence Day,' September 16th.

On September 16th, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, started the Mexican War of Independence when he gave his famous speech, 'Grito de Dolores,' or 'Cry of Delores,' named after the town in Guanajuato where it took place.

He rang the bell of his church to get the town's attention, and he called on the people to rise against their brutal Spanish-European occupiers.

Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is known as "The Father of Mexico."

Note: Outside of Mexico, 'Cinco de Mayo' is frequently misinterpreted as Mexico's Independence Day, which it isn't, 'Cinco de Mayo' celebrates the Mexican victory over French forces at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.

'Winged Victory'
The Angel of Independence

El Ángel de la Independencia, or The Angel of Independence design, on the Mexican Silver Libertad, represents the famous statue of Winged Victory. 

The famous Mexican statue can be found along the Paseo de la Reforma, on a roundabout, in downtown Mexico City.

The Angel of Independence is flying atop a victory column known as the "Independence Column or Columna de la Independencia."

"El Angel" is the name the statue is commonly known as.

She holds in her right hand a laurel crown, symbolizing Victory, and in her left hand, she holds a broken chain, symbolizing Freedom.

El Angel was built in 1910 to commemorate the Centennial of the beginning of Mexico's War of Independence.

The Statue is solid bronze and covered in pure 24k gold; it weighs 7 tons.

The Angel of Independence is one of Mexico City's most recognizable landmarks.

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Historic Design of the
Silver Libertad

In 1982, the Mexican Mint started to produce the Mexican Silver Libertad - 1 Onza for investors and collectors.

From 1982 to 1995, the Mexican Silver Libertad Onza portrayed the same design as the Centenario 'Winged Victory' Angel design from Mexico's gold 50-peso bullion coin.

New Design

In 1996, the Mexican Mint changed the Silver Libertad's reverse side to the current "Winged Victory" design.

silver libertad onza1983 - 1995
Silver Libertad
1 Onza
silver libertad1996 - Present
1oz. Silver Libertad

Design of the
1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad


1 oz. Silver Mexican Libertad Obverse

The Center of the Silver Libertad features the National Coat of Arms of Mexico.

The Coat of Arms depicts a Mexican Golden Eagle perched upon a cactus with a snake in its beak, it symbolizes Tenochtitlan, the Aztec Capital, now Mexico City.

Mexican Coat of Arms

The wreath below the eagle is half oak leaves and half laurel leaves. 

The laurel leaves represent victory, and the oak leaves commemorate those who have given their lives for Mexico.


  • ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS  (The Official Name for Mexico in Spanish)

The outer perimeter features various reproductions of Mexico's Coat of Arms, used throughout history.

This version of the Mexican Coat of Arms has been used since 1968.

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion


1oz. Silver Mexican Libertad Reverse

The "Winged Victory" Angel design is the focus of the reverse side of the 1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad.

The Angel is towering above the volcanic peaks of Popocatépetl and Iztaccihuatl, the names of the volcanoes memorialize the legend of two Aztec lovers.


  • 1 ONZA  (ounce)
  • PLATA PURA  (silver pure)
  • Year of Issue
  • Ley (law)
  • .999
  • M under an O  (the mint mark of the Mexican Mint)

Note: The 1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad is legal tender, but it lacks a face value.

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion

1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad


IRA approved:......Yes


Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1 Troy oz.

Total Weight:.......31.10 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

Diameter:............36.00mm (1982 - 1995)

Diameter:............40.00mm (1996 - Present)

Mint Mark:...........Yes


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Silver Libertad
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1 oz. Mexican Silver Libertad
Mintage Figures

Year      Mintage











































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The Story Behind the Mexican Coat of Arms

mexican coat of arms

In the early 1300s, an Aztec tribe also known as the Mexica tribe, who had no homeland, wandered around the northern areas of the country, known as Mesoamerica, in search of a place to build their Empire.

As the legend goes, in 1323, the tribe's leader received a vision in a dream that they were to settle at the place where they saw an eagle with a snake in its beak, while perched at the top of a prickly pear cactus.

Two years later, the dream was fulfilled on a swampy island, in Lake Texcoco.

Scouts for the tribe found the eagle, snake, and cactus in the same fashion that the leader described to them, in his vision.

This is where the tribe settled and built the city of Tenochtitlan, (tuh·nowch·teet·laan) which became the center of the Aztec Empire.

Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City.


Click Tenochtitlan Links to see a Portrait of Tenochtitlan in a 3-D reconstruction of the capital of the Aztec Empire and more.

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