Homepage / Buying Guides: Plat / Pall Guide
Last Updated 01/22/2021
Platinum and Palladium are two precious metals that are in a family of metals called Platinum Group Metals.
Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) are six extremely rare metals that share many of the same chemical, physical and structural properties.
The following are the characteristics of Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) provided courtesy of Johnson Matthey:
Investors who want to buy or sell Platinum and or Palladium should keep their eyes on the metals Supply and Demand.
The small orange circles and ovals, on the map below, offer you a glimpse into how rare Platinum Group Metals occur in the earth's crust.
Platinum Group Metals (PGMs) ore deposits are 30-times more rare than gold.
Mine Production or lack thereof is one of the first things that investors in Platinum and Palladium should keep on their minds.
The following charts are visual representations of the USGS Mining Production numbers found between the charts.
In the chart below, you can see that 2018 saw a reduction in platinum mine supply.
If demand increases, in the future, for platinum its market could easily see the same gains as palladium's market is seeing today (2019).
Since 2018, Palladium supply has been reported as being in decline, in relation to demand, which has helped palladium's price rise considerably, this deficit in supply can be seen in the chart below.
In addition to Palladium's limited supply last year, here's an article by Reuters that states that 2019 would be another year of deficit for Palladium supply.
Recycling also plays a large part in the supply of Platinum and Palladium, over the last several years recycling for both metals have been consistently reported to be more than 2 million ounces.
Below are a few charts showing you Platinum and Palladium's demand in both Metric Tons (koz) and in Percentages (%).
Industrial uses of palladium constitute 65% of demand.
The automotive sector dominates with over 40% of demand, with other industries taking their stake in the rest of platinum's industrial market.
Jewellery and Physical bullion are greater in platinum's markets than palladium
making up 35% of the precious metal's demand.
Source: World Platinum Investment Council
Industrial uses of palladium constitute 94% of demand.
Use is dominated by the automobile market with significant demand for electronic, dentistry, and chemical applications.
Only about 5% of Palladium demand is used for investments with a very small jewellery demand at 1%.
Source: Johnson Matthey - Market Reports
As you saw from the two demand charts above Platinum and Palladium's largest demand market comes from the Automotive Sector.
This market sector should be one of the first sectors researched to find out how these metals have moved in the past, are moving now, and may affect them in the future.
Q: What is it about the Automotive sector that moves Platinum and Palladium so much?
A: Catalytic Converters & Fuel Cells
Platinum, Palladium, and Rhodium are catalysts that are commonly found in Catalytic Converters, which work by neutralizing 99% of a car's toxic exhaust gases to less harmful gases and water.
The gases that come out of an engine before they move through a catalytic converter are Hydrocarbons (HC), Oxides of Nitrogen (Nx), and Carbon Monoxide (CO).
After the gases move through the PGM honeycomb of a catalytic converter, the catalysts react with the toxic gases, converting them to Carbon Dioxide (CO2), Nitrogen (N2), and Water (H2O).
The Environmental Protection Agency has called the Catalytic Converter "One of the Great Environmental Inventions of All Time.”
Investors often look at the gasoline and diesel auto sector sales to get a grasp of how much demand is in the market for Platinum or Palladium.
The key to knowing which metal will receive more demand in this sector is knowing which metal is used in each type of combustion engine.
Overall catalytic converters are found in generators, motorcycles, buses, tractor trailer trucks, and trains. They are found in the exhaust systems of almost every thing with an internal combustion engine.
The key is to know what industry will use either gas or diesel engines that determine where demand may grow for Platinum Group Metals.
Currently, fuel cells are still in their infancy stage in regards to what type of fuel cell works best and can hold the most charge for the longest time.
Platinum Group Metals are currently used in many different types of fuel cells, as seen here, so as electric cars become more prevalent on the roads, this Auto Sector will become another area of attention for the metals.
1997 - Present
2017 - Present
1988 to Present
2005 to Present
2016 to Present
2017 to Present
2018 to Present
2011 - 2018
1 kg. | 10oz. | 2oz. | 1oz. | 1/2oz | 1/4oz | 1/10oz. | 1/20 oz.
1987 - 2000
1996 - 1998
1oz. | 1/2oz. | 1/4oz. | 1/10 oz.
1989 - 1995
Platinum and Palladium bars are available in all shapes and sizes.
Bullion bars come in three categories, Minted, Extruded, and Cast a.k.a. Poured bullion.
Most Platinum and Palladium bullion bars are minted which has a lot to due with Platinum and Palladium's limited supply and high melt temperatures.
Minted bars have a more refined, smoother look than other bullion bars, plus many have a proof-like finish.
PAMP - Minted
1oz. Palladium Bar
You can find platinum, palladium, and rhodium bullion bars produced by PAMP, Credit Suisse, Valcambi, Johnson Matthey, and Engelhard, among other bullion refiners.
Below you'll find bullion dealers that offer several different types of platinum and palladium bullion.
All the Dealers affiliated with this guide have been vetted to ensure their business is reputable.
However, we do not expect you to blindly trust our judgement, for that reason, below you'll find Customer Reviews, for each Dealer, to help you determine whether or not you wish to do business with them.
Each one of the listed Dealers is an Affiliated Dealer of this Guide, we receive a commission for every purchase that we refer to them.
Half of every commission goes to the Angel of Healing Cancer Fund, and the other half goes to help us pay the bills.
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Note: As a suggestion to anyone interested in buying bullion from any one of the sites listed below, Please Read each company's ordering instructions and shipping rules carefully.
(- Platinum Bullion link)
BGASC is one of the largest coin and bullion dealers in the United States.
Buy Gold And Silver Coins.com's goal is to be the kind of dealer you've always wanted to trade with: to be in stock, ship fast, be fair & reasonable, and operate honestly and efficiently.
Every single package they ship is sent fully insured for its time in transit.
Customers all across the country have quickly come to recognize BGASC as one of the fastest, and most trusted online precious metals suppliers in the U.S.
Stefan Gleason is president of the Money Metals Exchange, which is a national precious metals investment company and news service with over 500,000 readers and 75,000 customers.
founded the company in 2010 in direct response to the abusive methods
of national advertisers of collectible, and numismatic coins.
Money Metals Exchange believes the average investor should never purchase precious metals that are not priced at or near their actual melt value.
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Savvy, self-reliant investors are embracing Money Metals Exchange as their trustworthy resource for gold and silver bullion.
SilverGoldBull has tens of thousands of satisfied customers who have taken their financial future into their own hands by investing in gold and silver.
This bullion dealer is based in Canada and offers a wide variety of precious metals bullion for you to choose from, their commitment to you is to provide extraordinary service throughout your bullion buying experience.
SilverGoldBull provides you with competitive, up-to-minute pricing and we make sure your precious metals are delivered to your door discreetly and fully insured.
SilverGold Bull's in-house customer service representatives will work to assure your satisfaction in a timely, friendly, and professional manner. Never hesitate to get in touch - building relationships with our clients is our number one priority.
If you would like to learn more about what our customers are saying about our service, please view our customer reviews (below).
BullionVault is the world's largest online bullion investment service taking care of $2 billion for more than 75,000 users.
The bullion you own is held in vaults.
Bars are stored in professional-market vaults in Zurich, London, Toronto, Singapore or New York. You choose where.
Because of their size, you benefit from the low storage costs they've negotiated, which always include insurance.
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The video below goes into further detail about Bullion Vault's services.
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