Homepage / Cancer Info: Cancer AWARENESS





Last Updated on 05/06/2024


Cancer Awareness 
Months and Ribbons


Cancer Awareness Information Directory

Click on Cancer Awareness Month or Cancer Name to learn about each
type of cancer, how to fight it, and other resources,
including crowdfunding links.


























September

Childhood Cancer

Gynecological Cancer

Leukemia Cancer

Lymphoma Cancer

Ovarian Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Thyroid Cancer

October

Breast Cancer

Liver Cancer











Clinical Cancer Trials
Information & Resources

A clinical trial is a comparison test with volunteers designed to learn more about a pharmaceutical or other medical therapy against a placebo (an inert look-alike) to learn more about how our bodies respond to potential new medicines or treatments.


Cancer Discussion
Forums

Sometimes you need to talk to someone who understands what you are experiencing, to know that you're not alone. It helps to communicate with others and gain their help and advice.


Universal Resources
for Fighting Cancer



Universal International Resources
for Fighting Cancer







January





Cervical Cancer

Cervical Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - January

Cervical Cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix or in the any layer of the wall of the cervix.  It is due to the abnormal growth of cells that have the ability to invade or spread to other parts of the body.

Early on, typically no symptoms are seen.  Later symptoms may include abnormal vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain or pain during sexual intercourse. While bleeding after sex may not be serious, it may also indicate the presence of cervical cancer.

Human papillomavirus infection (HPV) causes more than 90% of cases; most who have had HPV infections, however, do not develop cervical cancer.  HPV 16 and 18 strains are responsible for nearly 50% of high grade cervical pre-cancers.

Other risk factors include smoking, a weak immune system, birth control pills, starting sex at a young age, and having many sexual partners, but these are less important. Genetic factors also contribute to cervical cancer risk.

Cervical cancer typically develops from precancerous changes called cervical intraepithelial neoplasia over 10 to 20 years.

About 90% of cervical cancer cases are squamous cell carcinomas, 10% are adenocarcinoma, and a small number are other types.  Diagnosis is typically by cervical screening followed by a biopsy.  Medical imaging is then done to determine whether or not the cancer has spread.

Source: Cervical cancer wikipedia.org



Cervical Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Cervical Cancer

American Cancer Society

Foundation for Women's Cancer

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

Prevent Cancer

WebMD




Cervical Cancer - Resources

Cervical Cancer Action

Cervical Cancer Foundation

City of Hope

Cure Cervical Cancer.org

National Cervical Cancer Coalition

Smart Patients - Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients - Cervical Cancer Community

Together for Health


Cervical Cancer - International Resources

Australian Cervical Cancer Foundation

Cancer Research UK - Cervical cancer resources and support organizations

European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) - Cervical Cancer: A Guide for Patients

Jo's Cervical Cancer Trust (UK)




Cervical Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Cervical Cancer

GiveSendGo - Cervical Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Cervical Cancer Fighters





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Clinical Trials
Awareness
Month

2017 - NanoTech Ribbon LOGO - Support Anyone

A clinical trial is a comparison test with volunteers designed to learn more about a pharmaceutical or other medical therapy against a placebo (an inert look-alike) to learn more about how our bodies respond to potential new medicines or treatments.

_______

Agusta University / Georgia Cancer Center - Clinical Trials

MassiveBio - Clinical Trials

MD Anderson - Clinical Trials

Medicine Plus - Understanding Clinical Trials

Merck - Clinical Trials

National Cancer Institute - Participate in Cancer Research

National Library of Medicine - Clinical Trials.gov

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network - Clinical Trials Finder

RJW Barnabas Health - Clinical Trials Overview

Sarah Cannon - Clinical Trials

SARC - Collaborating to Cure Sarcoma - Find a Clinical Trial

Smart Patients - Clinical Trials Community

S-P-O-H-N-C - (Support for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer) - Clinical Trials

Stand-Up to Cancer - Cancer Clinical Trials

Survivor Net - Clinical Trial Finder

University of Colorado - Anschutz Medical Campus - Clinical Trials

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) - Clinical Trials



International Clinical Cancer Trials

Cancer Research UK - - Find a Clinical Trial










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February





Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer

Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - February

Gallbladder cancer is a relatively uncommon cancer, with an incidence of fewer than 2 cases per 100,000 people per year in the United States. It is particularly common in central and South America, central and eastern Europe, Japan and northern India; it is also common in certain ethnic groups e.g. Native American Indians and Hispanics.

If it is diagnosed early enough, it can be cured by removing the gallbladder, part of the liver and associated lymph nodes. Most often it is found after symptoms such as abdominal pain, jaundice and vomiting occur, and it has spread to other organs such as the liver.

It is a rare cancer that is thought to be related to gallstones building up, which also can lead to calcification of the gallbladder, a condition known as porcelain gallbladder.

Cholangiocarcinoma, also known as bile duct cancer, is a type of cancer that forms in the bile ducts. 

Symptoms of cholangiocarcinoma may include abdominal pain, yellowish skin, weight loss, generalized itching, and fever.  Light colored stool or dark urine may also occur.  Other biliary tract cancers include gallbladder cancer and cancer of the ampulla of Vater.

Cholangiocarcinoma is typically incurable at diagnosis which is why early detection is ideal. In these cases palliative treatments may include surgical resection, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and stenting procedures.

In about a third of cases involving the common bile duct and less commonly with other locations the tumor can be completely removed by surgery offering a chance of a cure. Even when surgical removal is successful chemotherapy and radiation therapy are generally recommended.

In certain cases surgery may include a liver transplantation. Even when surgery is successful the 5-year survival is typically less than 50%.

Source: Gallbladder Cancer - wikipedia

Source: Bile Duct Cancer - wikipedia



Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer -Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer

Cancer.Net - Gallbladder Cancer

Cancer.Net - Bile Duct Cancer

John Hopkins - Gallbladder Disease

Johns Hopkins - Bile Duct Cancer

MedicineNet - Bile Duct Cancer

Medline Plus - Gallbladder Cancer

Medline Plus - Bile Duct Cancer

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - Gallbladder Cancer

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center - Bile Duct Cancer

National Cancer Institute - Gallbladder Cancer

National Cancer Institute - Bile Duct Cancer





Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer -Resources

City of Hope - Bile Duct Cancer

City of Hope - Gallbladder Cancer

Honor Your Core specializing in all things gut health, gallbladder and fatty liver disease.

Smart Patients
Bile Duct Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
Bile Duct Cancer Community

Smart Patients
Gallbladder Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
Gallbladder Cancer Community

The Cholangiocarinoma Foundation


Gallbladder & Bile-Duct Cancer - International Resources

AMMF (UK) - The Cholangiocarcinoma Charity

British Association for the Study of the Liver (BASL)


Cancer Research UK
- Gallbladder cancer resources and support organizations

European Society For Medical Oncology (ESMO)
- Biliary Tract Cancer: A Guide for Patients

Gut Cancer Foundation
- New Zealand

Pancare Foundation
- Australia



Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Gallbladder & Bile Duct Cancer.

GiveSendGo -Gallbladder Cancer Fighters

GiveSendGo
- Bile Duct Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Gallbladder Cancer Fighters

JustGiving (UK)
- Bile Duct Cancer Fighters





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March






Colorectal Cancer

Colorectal Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - March

Colorectal cancer (CRC), also known as bowel cancer, colon cancer, or rectal cancer, is the development of cancer from the colon or rectum (parts of the large intestine).

Signs and symptoms may include blood in the stool, a change in bowel movements, weight loss, abdominal pain and fatigue. Most colorectal cancers are due to old age and lifestyle factors, with only a small number of cases due to underlying genetic disorders. Risk factors include diet, obesity, smoking, and lack of physical activity. Dietary factors that increase the risk include red meat, processed meat, and alcohol. Another risk factor is inflammatory bowel disease, which includes Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis.

Some of the inherited genetic disorders that can cause colorectal cancer include familial adenomatous polyposis and hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer; however, these represent less than 5% of cases. It typically starts as a benign tumor, often in the form of a polyp, which over time becomes cancerous.

Colorectal cancer may be diagnosed by obtaining a sample of the colon during a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy. This is then followed by medical imaging to determine whether the disease has spread.

Treatments used for colorectal cancer may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy.

Cancers that are confined within the wall of the colon may be curable with surgery, while cancer that has spread widely is usually not curable, with management being directed towards improving quality of life and symptoms.

The five-year survival rate in the United States was around 65% in 2014. The individual likelihood of survival depends on how advanced the cancer is, whether or not all the cancer can be removed with surgery, and the person's overall health.

Source: Colorectal Cancer wikipedia.org



Colorectal Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Colorectal Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD





Colorectal Cancer - Resources

Colon Cancer Alliance

Colon Cancer Coalition

Fight Colorectal Cancer

Global Colon Cancer Association

Meredith's Miracles Colon Cancer Foundation

Never Too Young for Colon Cancer

Smart Patients - Colorectal Clinical Trials

Smart Patients - Colorectal Cancer Community

Susan Cohan Colon Cancer Foundation

The Colon Club

The Pelican Foundation


Colorectal Cancer - International Resources

Bowel Cancer (UK)

Cancer Research UK - Colorectal Cancer resources and support organizations

European Society for Medical Oncology - Colorectal Cancer: A Guide for Patients



Colorectal Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Colorectal Cancer

GiveSendGo - Colorectal Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

Just Giving
- Colorectal Cancer Fighters





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Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - March

Kidney cancer, also known as Renal cancer, is a group of cancers that starts in the kidney. Symptoms may include blood in the urine, a lump in the abdomen, or back pain. Fever, weight loss, and tiredness may also occur. The main types of kidney cancer are renal cell cancer (RCC), transitional cell cancer (TCC), and Wilms' tumor.

RCC makes up approximately 80% of kidney cancers, and TCC accounts for most of the rest. Risk factors for RCC and TCC include smoking, certain pain medications, previous bladder cancer, being overweight, high blood pressure, certain chemicals, and a family history. Risk factors for Wilms' tumor include a family history and certain genetic disorders such as WAGR syndrome. Diagnosis may be suspected based on symptoms, urine testing, and medical imaging. It is confirmed by tissue biopsy.

Treatment may include surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and targeted therapy. Onset is usually after the age of 45. Males are affected more often than females. The overall five-year survival rate is 75% in the United States, 71% in Canada, 70% in China, and 60% in Europe.

For cancers that are confined to the kidney, the five-year survival rate is 93%, if it has spread to the surrounding lymph nodes it is 70%, and if it has spread widely, it is 12%.

Source: Kidney Cancer wikipedia.org



Kidney Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Kidney Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

National Cancer Institute

Urology Care Foundation

WebMd





Kidney Cancer - Resources

ACKC - Action to Cure Kidney Cancer

Kidney Cancer Association

Kure it Cancer Research

National Kidney Foundation

Smart Patients - Kidney Disease Clinical Trials

Smart Patients - Kidney Disease Community

Smart Patients - Kidney Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients - Kidney Cancer Community


Kidney Cancer International Resources

Kidney Cancer Canada

Kidney Cancer UK - Kidney Cancer resources and support organizations





Kidney Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Kidney Cancer

GiveSendGo - Kidney Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

Just Giving
- Kidney Cancer Fighters





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Multiple Myeloma Cancer

Multiple Myeloma Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - March

Multiple Myeloma Cancer is a cancer of plasma cells, a type of white blood cell normally responsible for producing antibodies.

In multiple myeloma, collections of abnormal plasma cells accumulate in the bone marrow, where they interfere with the production of normal blood cells.

Most cases of multiple myeloma also feature the production of a paraprotein—an abnormal antibody which can cause kidney problems. Bone lesions and hypercalcemia (high blood calcium levels) are also often encountered.

The cause of multiple myeloma is unknown. Risk factors include obesity, radiation exposure, family history, age and certain chemicals. There is an increased risk of multiple myeloma in certain occupations. This is due to the occupational exposure to aromatic hydrocarbon solvents having a role in causation of multiple myeloma.

Multiple myeloma may develop from monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) that progresses to smoldering myeloma. The abnormal plasma cells produce abnormal antibodies, which can cause kidney problems and overly thick blood. The plasma cells can also form a mass in the bone marrow or soft tissue.  When one tumor is present, it is called a plasmacytoma; more than one is called multiple myeloma.

Multiple myeloma is diagnosed based on blood or urine tests finding abnormal antibody proteins - (often using electrophoretic techniques revealing the presence of a monoclonal spike in the results - termed an m-spike), bone marrow biopsy finding cancerous plasma cells, and medical imaging finding bone lesions. Another common finding is high blood calcium levels.





Multiple Myeloma Cancer -  Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Multiple Myeloma

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medscape





Multiple Myeloma Cancer - Resources

International Myeloma Foundation

Smart Patients - Multiple Myeloma Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Multiple Myeloma Community

Multiple Myeloma Research Foundation

The Myeloma Beacon


Multiple Myeloma Cancer - International Resources

Blood Cancer UK

Cancer Research UK
- Multiple Myeloma Cancer resources and support organizations

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Multiple Myeloma: A Guide for Patients

International Myeloma Foundation

Myeloma UK

UK Myeloma Society




Multiple Myeloma Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Multiple Myeloma Cancer

GiveSendGo - Multiple Myeloma Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

Just Giving
- Multiple Meyloma Cancer Fighters











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April






Testicular Cancer

Testicular Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - April

is cancer that develops in the testicles, a part of the male reproductive system.

Not all lumps on the testicles are tumors, and not all tumors are malignant (cancerous).

There are many other conditions, such as testicular microlithiasis, epididymal cysts, and appendix testis (hydatid of Morgagni), which may be painful but are non-cancerous.

Testicular cancer has one of the highest cure rates of all cancers with an average five-year survival rate of 95%.

If the cancer has not spread outside the testicle, the 5-year survival is 99% while if it has grown into nearby structures or has spread to nearby lymph nodes, the rate is 96% and if it has spread to organs or lymph nodes away from the testicles, the 5-year survival is around 74%.

Even for the relatively few cases in which cancer has spread widely, chemotherapy offers a cure rate of at least 80%.

Globally testicular cancer affected about 686,000 people in 2015. That year it resulted in 9,400 deaths up from 7,000 deaths in 1990. Rates are lower in the developing than the developed world.

Onset most commonly occurs in males 20 to 34 years old, rarely before 15 years old. The five-year survival rate in the United States is about 95%. Outcomes are better when the disease remains localized.

Source: Testicular Cancer wikipedia.org



Testicular Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Testicular Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Fred Hutch Cancer Center

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

National Cancer Institute

Urology Care Foundation





Testicular Cancer - Resources

Movember Foundation - Mental health and suicide prevention, prostate cancer and testicular cancer – we’re taking them all on

Smart Patients
- Testicular Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Testicular Cancer Community

Testicular Cancer Awareness Foundation

Testicular Cancer Foundation

Testicular Cancer Society

Testicular Cancer Society - Forum

The Testicular Cancer Center

Testicular Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Research UK - Testicular Cancer resources and support organizations

Testicular Cancer Canada

Testicular Cancer UK (TCUK)

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Testicular Cancer: A Guide for Patients



Testicular Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Testicular Cancer

GiveSendGo - Testicular Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Testicular Cancer Fighters












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Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - April

Esophageal cancer (or oesophageal cancer) is cancer arising from the esophagus—the food pipe that runs between the throat and the stomach.

Symptoms often include difficulty in swallowing and weight loss. Other symptoms may include pain when swallowing, a hoarse voice, enlarged lymph nodes ("glands") around the collarbone, a dry cough, and possibly coughing up or vomiting blood.

The two main sub-types of the disease are esophageal squamous-cell carcinoma (often abbreviated to ESCC), which is more common in the developing world, and esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), which is more common in the developed world.  A number of less common types also occur. 

Squamous-cell carcinoma arises from the epithelial cells that line the esophagus. Adenocarcinoma arises from glandular cells present in the lower third of the esophagus, often where they have already transformed to intestinal cell type (a condition known as Barrett's esophagus).

Causes of the squamous-cell type include tobacco, alcohol, very hot drinks, poor diet, and chewing betel nut. The most common causes of the adenocarcinoma type are smoking tobacco, obesity, and acid reflux.

The disease is diagnosed by biopsy done by an endoscope (a fiberoptic camera). Prevention includes stopping smoking and eating a healthy diet. Treatment is based on the cancer's stage and location, together with the person's general condition and individual preferences.

Small localized squamous-cell cancers may be treated with surgery alone with the hope of a cure. In most other cases, chemotherapy with or without radiation therapy is used along with surgery. Larger tumors may have their growth slowed with chemotherapy and radiation therapy. In the presence of extensive disease or if the affected person is not fit enough to undergo surgery, palliative care is often recommended.

Source: Esophageal Cancer wikipedia.org



Esophageal Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Esophageal Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

National Cancer Institute





Esophageal Cancer - Resources

Anthony V. Mannino Foundation

DeGregorio Family Foundation
- Research & Education for Stomach & Esophageal Cancer

Esophageal Cancer Awareness Association (ECAA)

Esophageal Cancer Action Network (ECAN)

Esophageal Cancer Education Foundation (ECEF)

Smart Patients
- Esophageal Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Esophageal Cancer Community

The Salgi Esophageal Cancer Research Foundation

Esophageal Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Research UK Resources and organisations for oesophageal cancer

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Oesophageal Cancer: A Guide for Patients

Guts UK

Heartburn Cancer UK



Esophageal Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Esophageal Cancer

GiveSendGo - Esophageal Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK) -
Esophageal Cancer Fighters









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Head & Neck Cancer

April Head and Neck Cancer Gold-Nano Ribbon

Head and neck cancer develops from tissues in the lip and oral cavity (mouth), larynx (throat), salivary glands, nose, sinuses, or skin of the face. The most common types of head and neck cancer occur in the lips, mouth, and larynx.

Symptoms predominantly include a sore that does not heal or a change in the voice. In those with advanced disease, there may be unusual bleeding, facial pain, numbness or swelling, and visible lumps on the outside of the neck or oral cavity. Given the location of these cancers, it is possible for an afflicted individual to experience difficulty breathing.

The majority of head and neck cancer is caused by the use of alcohol or tobacco, including smokeless tobacco, with increasing cases linked to the human papillomavirus (HPV).

Other risk factors include the Epstein–Barr virus, betel quid, radiation exposure, and certain workplace exposures. About 90% are pathologically classified as squamous cell cancers. The diagnosis is confirmed by a tissue biopsy. The degree of surrounding tissue invasion and distant spread may be determined by medical imaging and blood tests.

Not using tobacco or alcohol can reduce the risk of head and neck cancer.  Head and neck cancer is often curable if it is diagnosed early; however, outcomes are typically poor if it is diagnosed late.

Treatment may include a combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Previous diagnosis and treatment of a head and neck cancer confer a higher risk of developing a second head and neck cancer or recurrence.

Source: Head and Neck Cancer - wikipedia



Head & Neck Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Head & Neck Cancer

Cancer.Net

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

National Cancer Association




Head & Neck Cancer Resources

American Academy of Otolaryngology - Head and Neck Surgery

American Head and Neck Society
The mission of AHNS is to advance education, research, quality of care for the head and neck oncology patient and care team.

Head & Neck Cancer Foundation

Smart Patients
- Head and Neck Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Head and Neck Cancer Community

Support for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer (S-P-O-H-N-C)

The Oral Cancer Foundation

Head & Neck Cancer - International Resources

European Society for Medical Oncology - Head and Neck Cancer: A Guide for Patients

HNC Support International

International Federation of Head and Neck Oncologic Societies (IFHNOS)




Head & Neck Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Head & Neck Cancer


Give Send Go -
Head and Neck Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK) -
Head and Neck Cancer Fighters






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May






Melanoma & Skin Cancer

Melanoma Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - May

Melanoma is the most dangerous type of skin cancer; it develops from the melanin-producing cells known as melanocytes.  It typically occurs in the skin, but may rarely occur in the mouth, intestines, or eye (uveal melanoma). 

In women, melanomas most commonly occur on the legs; while in men, on the back. Melanoma is frequently referred to as malignant melanoma. However, the medical community stresses that there is no such thing as a 'benign melanoma' and recommends that the term 'malignant melanoma' should be avoided as redundant.

About 25% of melanomas develop from moles.  Changes in a mole that can indicate melanoma include increase—especially rapid increase—in size, irregular edges, change in color, itchiness, or skin breakdown.

The primary cause of melanoma is ultraviolet light (UV) exposure in those with low levels of the skin pigment melanin. The UV light may be from the sun or other sources, such as tanning devices. Those with many moles, a history of affected family members, and poor immune function are at greater risk.  A number of rare genetic conditions, such as xeroderma pigmentosum, also increase the risk.   Diagnosis is by biopsy and analysis of any skin lesion that has signs of being potentially cancerous.

Avoiding UV light and using sunscreen in UV-bright sun conditions may prevent melanoma. Treatment typically is removal by surgery of the melanoma and the potentially affected adjacent tissue bordering the melanoma.  In those with slightly larger cancers, nearby lymph nodes may be tested for spread (metastasis). 

Most people are cured if metastasis has not occurred. For those in whom melanoma has spread, immunotherapy, biologic therapy, radiation therapy, or chemotherapy may improve survival.

With treatment, the five-year survival rates in the United States are 99% among those with localized disease, 65% when the disease has spread to lymph nodes, and 25% among those with distant spread. The likelihood that melanoma will reoccur or spread depends on its thickness, how fast the cells are dividing, and whether or not the overlying skin has broken down.

Source: Melanoma & Skin Cancer - wikipedia



Melanoma and Skin Cancer -Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Melanoma and Skin Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Mayo Clinic

MedlinePlus

MedicineNet

Medscape

National Cancer Institute -
skin cancer & melanoma

National Cancer Institute -
eye melanoma

Patient.com

Skin Cancer Fact & Statistics

WebMD




Melanoma and Skin Cancer - Resources

AiM at Melanoma Foundation

American Academy of Dermatology

American Association for Cancer Research

American Melanoma Foundation

Melanoma Education Foundation

Melanoma Research Alliance

Melanoma Research Foundation

National Council on Skin Cancer Prevention

Skin Cancer Awareness Guide

Skin Cancer Foundation

Smart Patients
- Melanoma Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Melanoma Cancer Community

Melanoma and Skin Cancer - International Resources

AiM at Melanoma Foundation the website contains melanoma content for international healthcare providers as well as materials to share with patients

Cancer Research UK
- Melanoma cancer resources and support organizations

The Global Melanoma Coalition



Melanoma and Skin Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Melanoma or Skin Cancer

GiveSendGo - Melanoma Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK) -
Melanoma Cancer Fighters











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Brain Cancer

Brain Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - May

A brain tumor occurs when abnormal cells form within the brain.There are two main types of tumors: malignant (cancerous) tumors and benign (non-cancerous) tumors. These can be further classified as primary tumors, which start within the brain, and secondary tumors, which most commonly have spread from tumors located outside the brain, known as brain metastasis tumors.

All types of brain tumors may produce symptoms that vary depending on the size of the tumor and the part of the brain that is involved. Where symptoms exist, they may include headaches, seizures, problems with vision, vomiting and mental changes. Other symptoms may include difficulty walking, speaking, with sensations, or unconsciousness.

The cause of most brain tumors is unknown, though up to 4% of brain cancers may be caused by CT scan radiation.  Uncommon risk factors include exposure to vinyl chloride, Epstein–Barr virus, ionizing radiation, and inherited syndromes such as neurofibromatosis, tuberous sclerosis, and von Hippel-Lindau Disease.  Studies on mobile phone exposure have not shown a clear risk. The most common types of primary tumors in adults are meningiomas (usually benign) and astrocytomas such as glioblastomas.

In children, the most common type is a malignant medulloblastoma. Diagnosis is usually by medical examination along with computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The result is then often confirmed by a biopsy. Based on the findings, the tumors are divided into different grades of severity.

Treatment may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy and chemotherapy.  If seizures occur, anticonvulsant medication may be needed.  Dexamethasone and furosemide are medications that may be used to decrease swelling around the tumor. Some tumors grow gradually, requiring only monitoring and possibly needing no further intervention. 

Outcomes for malignant tumors vary considerably depending on the type of tumor and how far it has spread at diagnosis. Although benign tumors only grow in one area, they may still be life-threatening depending on their size and location. Malignant glioblastomas usually have very poor outcomes, while benign meningiomas usually have good outcomes

Source: Brain Tumor - wikipedia



Brain Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Brain Cancer

American Cancer Society - Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Adults

American Cancer Society
- Brain and Spinal Cord Tumors in Children

American Cancer Society
- Neuroblastoma

Cancer.Net

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Brain Cancer - Resources

American Brain Tumor Association

Brain Tumor Foundation

Children's Brain Tumor Foundation

City of Hope

National Brain Tumor Society

Pediatric Brain Tumor Foundation

San Diego Brain Tumor Foundation

Smart Patients
- Brain Tumor Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Brain Tumor Community

The Preston Robert Tisch Brain Tumor Center
- Duke University Medical Center

Brain Cancer - International Resources

Brain Tumour Support - New Zealand

Brainstrust

Cancer Research UK
- Melanoma cancer resources and support organizations

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Glioma: A Guide for Patients

International Brain Tumor Alliance



Brain Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Brain Cancer

GiveSendGo - Brain Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Brain Cancer Fighters











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Bladder Cancer

Bladder Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - May

Bladder cancer is any of several types of cancer arising from the tissues of the urinary bladder. Symptoms include blood in the urine, pain with urination, and low back pain. It is caused when epithelial cells that line the bladder become malignant.

Bladder cancer characteristically causes blood in the urine, which may be visible or detectable only by microscope. Blood in the urine is the most common symptom in bladder cancer, and is painless.

Visible blood in the urine may be of only short duration, and a urine test may be required to confirm non-visible blood. Between 80 and 90% of people with bladder cancer initially presented with visible blood. Blood in the urine may also be caused by other conditions, such as bladder or ureteric stones, infection, kidney disease, kidney cancers or vascular malformations, though these conditions (except kidney cancers) would typically be painful.

Other possible symptoms include pain during urination, frequent urination, or feeling the need to urinate without being able to do so. These signs and symptoms are not specific to bladder cancer, and may also be caused by non-cancerous conditions, including prostate infections, overactive bladder or cystitis. Some rare forms of bladder cancer like urachal adenocarcinoma produce mucin, which is then excreted in the urine causing it to be thick.

Risk factors for bladder cancer include smoking, family history, prior radiation therapy, frequent bladder infections, and exposure to certain chemicals. Diagnosis is typically by cystoscopy with tissue biopsies. Staging of the cancer is determined by transurethral resection and medical imaging.

Treatment depends on the stage of the cancer. It may include some combination of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, or immunotherapy. Surgical options may include transurethral resection, partial or complete removal of the bladder, or urinary diversion. The typical five-year survival rates in the United States is 77%, Canada is 75%, and Europe is 68%.]

Source: Bladder Cancer - wikipedia



Bladder Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Bladder Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

eMedicineHealth

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Bladder Cancer - Resources

American Bladder Cancer Society

Bladder Cancer Advocacy Network (BCAN)

Bladder Cancer WebCafe'

Smart Patients
- Bladder Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Bladder Cancer Community

The Pelican Foundation

Bladder Cancer - International Resources

Action Bladder Cancer UK

BladderCancer.org
- Australia

Bladder Cancer Canada

Cancer Research UK
- resources and organizations for bladder cancer

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Bladder Cancer: A Guide for Patients

Fight Bladder Cancer Group
- United Kingdom

International Bladder Cancer Group (IBCG)

World Bladder Cancer Patient Coalition




Bladder Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Bladder Cancer

GiveSendGo - Bladder Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Bladder Cancer Fighers












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June





Cancer Survivor
Awareness
Month

June National Cancer Survivor Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - June
American Cancer Society - Cancer Survivors Network

Cancer Forward
- The Foundation for Cancer Survivors

Cancer.Net
- Survivor Resources

Coping with Cancer
- Cancer Survivors Guide

Cancer Survivor Link

Childhood Cancer Survivor Study

I Had Cancer

LiveStrong

Living Beyond Breast Cancer

LUNGevity

National Cancer Survivors Day

National Coalition for Cancer Survivorship

National Cancer Survivorship Resource Center

Smart Patients
- Cancer Survivor Community

St. Jude Childhood Cancer Survivor Resources

Survivor Net

Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association



Cancer Survivor - International Resources

Canada Cancer Survivor Network

Cancer Support UK
- Cancer Compass: simple questions to help guide you on your cancer recovery journey

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Patient Guide on Survivorship





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July





Sarcoma Cancer

Sarcoma Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - July

A sarcoma is a malignant tumor, a type of cancer that arises from cells of connective tissue (mesenchymal) origin. 

Connective tissue is a broad term that includes bone, cartilage, fat, vascular, or other structural tissues, and sarcomas can arise in any of these types of tissues.  As a result, there are many subtypes of sarcoma, which are classified based on the specific tissue and type of cell from which the tumor originates.

Sarcomas are primary connective tissue tumors, meaning that they arise in connective tissues.  This is in contrast to secondary (or "metastatic") connective tissue tumors, which occur when a cancer from elsewhere in the body (such as the lungs, breast tissue or prostate) spreads to the connective tissue. Sarcomas are one of five different types of cancer, classified by the cell type from which they originate.

Symptoms of soft-tissue sarcomas vary, but they often present as firm, often times painless lumps or nodules.

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST, a subtype of soft-tissue sarcoma) often are asymptomatic, but can be associated with vague complaints of abdominal pain, bleeding into the intestines, a feeling of fullness, or other signs of intestinal obstruction.

Symptoms of bone sarcomas typically include bone pain, especially at night, and swelling around the site of the tumor.

Source: Sarcoma Cancer - wikipedia



Sarcoma Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Sarcoma Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Sarcoma Cancer - Resources

Alan B. Slifka Foundation

National LeioMyoSarcoma Foundation

Northwest Sarcoma Foundation

Rein in Sarcoma

Sarcoma Foundation of America

Sarcoma Alliance

Smart Patients
- Sarcoma Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Sarcoma Cancer Community

The Liddy Shriver Sarcoma Initiative

The Paula Takacs Foundation for Sarcoma Research

Sarcoma Cancer - International Resources

Australia and New Zealand Sarcoma Association

Bone Cancer Research Trust until there's a Cure
- United Kingdom

Cancer Research UK
- Bone Cancer

Cancer Research UK
- Soft tissue sarcomas

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Bone Sarcomas: A Guide for Patients

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Soft Tissue Sarcomas: A Guide for Patients

Sarcoma Foundation of Canada

Sarcoma UK
- The bone & soft tissue cancer charity

Sarcomacancer
- French language site

Sarcoma Patient Advocacy Global Network




Sarcoma - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Sarcoma Cancer

GiveSendGo - Sarcoma Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Sarcoma Cancer Fighters






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August



August has not been selected as a Cancer Awareness Month









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September







Childhood Cancer

Childhood Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Childhood cancer (also known as pediatric cancer) is cancer in a child.

In the United States, an arbitrarily adopted standard of the ages used are 0–14 years inclusive, that is, up to 14 years 11.9 months of age.

However, the definition of childhood cancer sometimes includes young adults between 15–19 years old.

The most common cancers in children are (childhood) leukemia (34%), brain tumors (23%), and lymphomas (12%).

Pediatric oncology is the branch of medicine concerned with the diagnosis and treatment of cancer in children.





Childhood Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Childhood Cancer

American Cancer Society

Boston Children's Hospital

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Healthy Children.org

Kids Health

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute




Childhood Cancer - Resources

Alex's Lemonade Stand Foundation

American Childhood Cancer Organization (ACCO)

Arms Wide Open Childhood Cancer Foundation (AWCCCF)

BiteMe Cancer
- We raise spirits, hearts and funds for teen cancer patients and thyroid cancer research.

Children's Cancer Research Fund

Children Cancer Cause Advocacy

Cure Search for Childhood Cancer

Jessie Rees Foundation

Locks of Love
- Help return a sense of self, confidence, and normalcy to children suffering from hair loss

Smart Patients
- Childhood Cancer Clinical Trials

St. Baldrick's Foundation

St. Judes Children's Research Hospital

Stupid Cancer
- We Make Adolescent & Young Adult Cancer Suck Less

Teens Cancer America

The Ulman Cancer Foundation for Young Adults

Childhood Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Fund for Children - Ireland

Cancer Research UK
- Children's Cancer Organizations

Cancer Research UK
- Children's Cancer Support

Cancer Research UK
- Children's Cancer Supporting brothers or sisters

Cancer Research UK
- Teenage and Young Adult (TYA) Cancers

Children's Cancer and Leukemia Group
- United Kingdom

Teenage Cancer Trust
- United Kingdom

World Child Cancer



Childhood Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting a Childhood Cancer

GiveSendGo - Childhood Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Childhood Cancer Fighters





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Gynecological Cancer

Gynecological Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Gynecologic cancer is a type of cancer that affects the female reproductive system, including ovarian cancer, uterine cancer, vaginal cancer, cervical cancer, and vulvar cancer.

Signs and symptoms usually vary depending on the type of cancer. The most common symptoms across all gynecological cancers are abnormal vaginal bleeding, vaginal discharge, pelvic pain and urination difficulties.

Gynecological cancers comprise 10-15% of women's cancers, mainly affecting women past reproductive age but posing threats to fertility for younger patients.

The most common route for treatment is combination therapy, consisting of a mix of both surgical and non-surgical interventions (radiotherapy, chemotherapy).


Source: Gynecologic Cancer - wikipedia



Gynecological Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Gynecological Cancer

Center for Disease Control (CDC)

John Hopkins Medicine

Penn Medicine
- Abramson Cancer Center

Northwestern Medicine
- Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center

University of Pennsylvania Medical Center (UPMC)
- Hillman Cancer Center

Yale Medicine




Gynecological Cancer - Resources

American Association of Gynecologic Laparoscopists (AAGL)

American Osteopathic Board of Obstetrics and Gynecology (AOBOG)

Foundation for Women's Cancer

Gynecologic Cancers Research Foundation

Our Way Forward
- is a call-to-action that encourages people living with gynecologic cancers, such as ovarian and endometrial cancer, their loved ones, and healthcare providers to rethink how they talk about these cancers

Sarah Cannon
- Fighting Cancer Together

Smart Patients
- Cervical Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Cervical Cancer Community

Smart Patients
- Fallopian Tube Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Ovarian Cancer Community

Smart Patients
- Peritoneal Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Vaginal Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Vaginal Cancer Community

Smart Patients
- Vulvar Cancer Community

Society of Gynecologic Nurse Oncologist (SGNO)

Society of Gynecologic Oncology (SGO)

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists

The GOG Foundation


Gynecological Cancer - International Resources

British Gynecological Cancer Society

Cancer Research UK
- Cervical Cancer

Cancer Research UK
- Ovarian Cancer

Cancer Research UK
- Uterine Cancer

Cancer Research UK
- Vaginal Cancer

Cancer Research UK
- Vulvar Cancer

European Society of Gynecological Oncology

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Endometrial Cancer: A Guide for Patients

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Cervical Cancer: A Guide for Patients

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Ovarian Cancer: A Guide for Patients

International Gynecologic Cancer Society (IGCS)

International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

The Global Surgery Foundation (GSF)




Gynecological Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting a Gynecological Cancer

GiveSendGo - Gynecological Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Gynecological Cancer Fighters





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Leukemia Cancer

Leukemia Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Leukemia, also spelled leukaemia, is a group of cancers that usually begin in the bone marrow and result in high numbers of abnormal white blood cells.

These white blood cells are not fully developed and are called blasts or leukemia cells.

Symptoms may include bleeding and bruising problems, feeling tired, fever, and an increased risk of infections. These symptoms occur due to a lack of normal blood cells. 

Diagnosis is typically made by blood tests or bone marrow biopsy.

The exact cause of leukemia is unknown. Different kinds of leukemia are believed to have different causes.

Both inherited and environmental (non-inherited) factors are believed to be involved.

Risk factors include smoking, ionizing radiation, some chemicals (such as benzene), prior chemotherapy, and Down syndrome.

People with a family history of leukemia are also at higher risk.

There are four main types of leukemia:

  • Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL)
  • Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML),
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia (CLL)
  • Chronic Myeloid Leukemia (CML)

There are also a number of less common types of leukemia.

Leukemias and lymphomas both belong to a broader group of tumors that affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymphoid system, known as tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues.




Leukemia - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Leukemia Cancer

American Cancer Society

Healthline

Kids Health

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Leukemia - Resources

American Society of Hematology

Childhood Leukemia Foundation

Children's Leukemia Research Association

Hairy Cell Leukemia Foundation

Leukemia Foundation

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society

Leukemia Research Foundation

Smart Patients
- Leukemia Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Leukemia Community

T-Cell Leukemia Lymphoma Foundation

Leukemia Cancer - International Resources

Blood Cancer UK - Beating blood cancer since 1960

Cancer Research UK

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Acute Myeloblastic Leukaemia: A Guide for Patients

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Chronic Myeloid Leukaemia: A Guide for Patients

International Chronic Myeloid Leukemia Foundation

Josep Carreras Leukemia Foundation
- Spain

Leukemia Care
- United Kingdom

Leukemia Foundation
- Australia

Light the Night
- Canada




Leukemia - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Leukemia

GiveSendGo - Leukemia Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Leukemia Cancer Fighters





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Lymphoma Cancer

Lymphoma Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Lymphoma is a group of blood and lymph tumors that develop from lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell). The name typically refers to just the cancerous versions rather than all such tumours. Signs and symptoms may include enlarged lymph nodes, fever, drenching sweats, unintended weight loss, itching, and constantly feeling tired. The enlarged lymph nodes are usually painless.  The sweats are most common at night.

Many subtypes of lymphomas are known. The two main categories of lymphomas are the non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (90% of cases) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) (10%).  Lymphomas, leukemias and myelomas are a part of the broader group of tumors of the hematopoietic and lymphoid tissues.

Risk factors for Hodgkin lymphoma include infection with Epstein–Barr virus and a history of the disease in the family.  Risk factors for common types of non-Hodgkin lymphomas include autoimmune diseases, HIV/AIDS, infection with human T-lymphotropic virus, immunosuppressant medications, and some pesticides. 

Diagnosis, if enlarged lymph nodes are present, is usually by lymph node biopsy.   Blood, urine, and bone marrow testing may also be useful in the diagnosis. Medical imaging may then be done to determine if and where the cancer has spread. Lymphoma most often spreads to the lungs, liver, and brain.

Treatment may involve one or more of the following: chemotherapy, radiation therapy, proton therapy, targeted therapy, and surgery.  In some non-Hodgkin lymphomas, an increased amount of protein produced by the lymphoma cells causes the blood to become so thick that plasmapheresis is performed to remove the protein.  The outcome depends on the sub-type with some being curable and treatment prolonging survival in most.


Source: Lymphomas Cancer - wikipedia



Lymphoma Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Lymphoma Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cedars-Sinai

Cleveland Clinic

Nemours - Kid's Health

Mayo Clinic

Medical News Today

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Lymphoma Cancer - Resources

American Society of Hematology

Cutaneous Lymphoma Foundation

City of Hope

Leukemia Foundation
- Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

Leukemia & Lymphoma Society

Lymphoma Research Foundation

Lymphoma Foundation of America

Smart Patients
- Lymphoma Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Lymphoma Community

T-Cell Leukemia Lymphoma Foundation

Lymphoma Cancer - International Resources

Blood Cancer UK - Beating blood cancer since 1960

Cancer Council
- Australia

Cancer Research UK

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Follicular Lymphoma: A Guide for Patients

Foundation for Burkitt Lymphoma Research
- Switzerland

Follicular Lymphoma Foundation
- United Kingdom

Lymphoma Association (UK)

Lymphoma Australia




Lymphoma - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Lymphoma 

GiveSendGo - Lymphoma Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Lymphoma Cancer Fighters





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Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Ovarian cancer is a cancerous tumor of an ovary. It may originate from the ovary itself or more commonly from communicating nearby structures such as fallopian tubes or the inner lining of the abdomen.

The ovary is made up of three different cell types including epithelial cells, germ cells, and stromal cells.  When these cells become abnormal, they have the ability to divide and form tumors.

These cells can also invade or spread to other parts of the body.  When this process begins, there may be no or only vague symptoms.  Symptoms become more noticeable as the cancer progresses.  These symptoms may include bloating, vaginal bleeding, pelvic pain, abdominal swelling, constipation, and loss of appetite, among others. 

Early signs and symptoms of ovarian cancer may be absent or subtle.  In most cases, symptoms exist for several months before being recognized and diagnosed. 

Symptoms can often be misdiagnosed as irritable bowel syndrome.  The early stages of ovarian cancer tend to be painless which makes it difficult to detect it early on. Symptoms can vary based on the sub-type.

Treatment usually includes some combination of surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy. Outcomes depend on the extent of the disease, the sub-type of cancer present, and other medical conditions.

The risk of ovarian cancer increases with age. Most cases of ovarian cancer develop after menopause.  It is also more common in women who have ovulated more over their lifetime.  This includes those who have never had children, those who began ovulation at a younger age and those who reach menopause at an older age. 

Epithelial ovarian carcinoma is the most common type of ovarian cancer, comprising more than 95% of cases. There are five main subtypes of ovarian carcinoma, of which high-grade serous carcinoma (HGSC) is the most common.

Less common types of ovarian cancer include germ cell tumors and sex cord stromal tumors. A diagnosis of ovarian cancer is confirmed through a biopsy of tissue, usually removed during surgery.

Those at very high risk may have their ovaries removed as a preventive measure. If caught and treated in an early stage, ovarian cancer is often curable.

Source: Ovarian Cancer - wikipedia



Ovarian Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Ovarian Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD





Ovarian Cancer - Resources

Bright Pink - Our mission is to accelerate, deepen, and expand the impact of life-saving breast and ovarian health interventions

Clearity Foundation
- About Ovarian Cancer

Foundation for Women's Cancer

National Ovarian Cancer Coalition (NOCC)

Our Way Forward
- is a call-to-action that encourages people living with gynecologic cancers, such as ovarian and endometrial cancer, their loved ones, and healthcare providers to rethink how they talk about these cancers

Ovarian Cancer Institute

Ovarian Cancer Project

Ovarian Cancer Research Alliance

Rivkin Cancer - To improve women’s health by helping them prevent, detect early, and survive ovarian and breast cancer.

Roswell Park Familial Ovarian Cancer Registry

Sandy Rollman Ovarian Cancer Foundation

Share Cancer Support
- to support, educate, and empower women facing breast, ovarian, uterine, cervical or metastatic breast cancer

Smart Patients
- Ovarian Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Ovarian Cancer Community

Society of Gynecologic Nurse Oncologist (SGNO)

The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists


Ovarian Cancer - International Resources

European Society for Medical Oncology (ESMO) - Ovarian Cancer: A Guide for Patients

International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

Ovarian Cancer Action
- United Kingdom

Ovarian Cancer Australia

Ovarian Cancer Research Foundation
- Australia

The Daisy Network (UK)
- Premature Ovarian Insufficiency

World Ovarian Cancer Coalition




Ovarian Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Ovarian Cancer

GiveSendGo - Ovarian Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Ovarian Cancer Fighters





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Prostate Cancer

Prostate Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Prostate cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells in the prostate, a gland in the male reproductive system below the bladder.

Early prostate cancer causes no symptoms. Abnormal growth of prostate tissue is usually detected through screening tests, typically blood tests that check for prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels. Those with high levels of PSA in their blood are at increased risk for developing prostate cancer.

Diagnosis requires a biopsy of the prostate. If cancer is present, the pathologist assigns a Gleason score, and a higher score represents a more dangerous tumor. Medical imaging is performed to look for cancer that has spread outside the prostate. Based on the Gleason score, PSA levels, and imaging results, a cancer case is assigned a stage 1 to 4. A higher stage signifies a more advanced, more dangerous disease.

Most prostate tumors remain small and cause no health problems. These are managed with active surveillance, monitoring the tumor with regular tests to ensure it has not grown. Tumors more likely to be dangerous can be destroyed with radiation therapy or surgically removed by radical prostatectomy.

Prostate cancer prognosis depends on how far the cancer has spread at diagnosis. Most men diagnosed have tumors confined to the prostate; 99% of them survive more than 10 years from their diagnoses. Tumors that have metastasized to distant body sites are most dangerous, with five-year survival rates of 30–40%.

Source: Prostate Cancer - wikipedia



Prostate Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Prostate Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Mayo Clinic

Medical News Today

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Prostate Cancer - Resources

malecare.org - Men Fighting Cancer, Together

Movember Foundation
- Mental health and suicide prevention, prostate cancer and testicular cancer – we’re taking them all on

Prostate Cancer Foundation

Prostate Cancer Research Institute

Prostate Cancer Treatment Guide

Smart Patients
- Prostate Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Prostate Cancer Community

The Pelican Foundation

The Prostate Health Education Network (PHEN)

Zero Cancer
- The End of Prostate Cancer


Prostate Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Research UK - Together we will beat cancer

European Society for Medical Oncology
- Prostate Cancer: A Guide for Patients

Global Prostate Cancer Research Foundation

International Prostate Cancer Foundation

malecare.org
- Men Fighting Cancer, Together

Prostate Cancer Foundation of Australia

Prostate Cancer Foundation NZ
- New Zealand

Prostate Cancer International

Prostate Cancer UK




Prostate Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Prostate Cancer

GiveSendGo - Prostate Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Prostate Cancer Fighters





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Thyroid Cancer

Thyroid Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - September

Thyroid cancer is cancer that develops from the tissues of the thyroid gland.  It is a disease in which cells grow abnormally and have the potential to spread to other parts of the body.

Symptoms can include swelling or a lump in the neck.  Cancer can also occur in the thyroid after spread from other locations, in which case it is not classified as thyroid cancer.

Risk factors include radiation exposure at a young age, having an enlarged thyroid, family history and obesity.  The four main types are papillary thyroid cancer, follicular thyroid cancer, medullary thyroid cancer, and anaplastic thyroid cancer.

Diagnosis is often based on ultrasound and fine needle aspiration.  Screening people without symptoms and at normal risk for the disease is not recommended as of 2017.

Treatment options may include surgery, radiation therapy including radioactive iodine, chemotherapy, thyroid hormone, targeted therapy, and watchful waiting. Surgery may involve removing part or all of the thyroid.  Five-year survival rates are 98% in the United States.

Source: Thyroid Cancer - wikipedia



Thyroid Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Thyroid Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Thyroid Cancer - Resources

American Thyroid Association

BiteMe Cancer
- We raise spirits, hearts and funds for teen cancer patients and thyroid cancer research.

Light of Life Foundation

Smart Patients
- Thyroid Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Thyroid Cancer Community

Throat Cancer Foundation

THANC Foundation
- Thyroid Cancer Care Collaborative

ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivor's Association


Thyroid Cancer - International Resources

Association for Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Disorders (AMEND) - United Kingdom

Australian Thyroid Foundation

British Thyroid Foundation

Butterfly Thyroid Cancer Trust

Cancer Research UK

Canada Cancer Society
- Thyroid Cancer

Parathyroid UK

REACT - International Thyroid Oncology Foundation

Thyroid Foundation of Canada




Thyroid Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Thyroid Cancer

GiveSendGoThyroid Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
Thyroid Cancer Fighters











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October






Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - October

Breast cancer is a cancer that develops from breast tissue. Signs of breast cancer may include a lump in the breast, a change in breast shape, dimpling of the skin, milk rejection, fluid coming from the nipple, a newly inverted nipple, or a red or scaly patch of skin. In those with distant spread of the disease, there may be bone pain, swollen lymph nodes, shortness of breath, or yellow skin.

Risk factors for developing breast cancer include obesity, a lack of physical exercise, alcohol consumption, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionizing radiation, an early age at first menstruation, having children late in life (or not at all), older age, having a prior history of breast cancer, and a family history of breast cancer. 

About five to ten percent of cases are the result of an inherited genetic predisposition, including BRCA mutations among others. Breast cancer most commonly develops in cells from the lining of milk ducts and the lobules that supply these ducts with milk.

Cancers developing from the ducts are known as ductal carcinomas, while those developing from lobules are known as lobular carcinomas.  There are more than 18 other sub-types of breast cancer.   Some, such as ductal carcinoma in situ, develop from pre-invasive lesions.   The diagnosis of breast cancer is confirmed by taking a biopsy of the concerning tissue.   Once the diagnosis is made, further tests are carried out to determine if the cancer has spread beyond the breast and which treatments are most likely to be effective.

Most people with breast cancer have no symptoms at the time of diagnosis; their tumor is detected by a breast cancer screening test.  For those who do have symptoms, a new lump in the breast is most common. Most breast lumps are not breast cancer, though lumps that are painless, hard, and with irregular edges are more likely to be cancerous.  Other symptoms include swelling or pain in the breast; dimpling, thickening, redness, or dryness of the breast skin; and pain, or inversion of the nipple.  Some may experience unusual discharge from the breasts, or swelling of the lymph nodes under the arms or along the collar bone.

Some less common forms of breast cancer cause distinctive symptoms. Up to 5% of people with breast cancer have inflammatory breast cancer, where cancer cells block the lymph vessels of one breast, causing the breast to substantially swell and redden over three to six months.  Up to 3% of people with breast cancer have Paget's disease of the breast, with eczema-like red, scaly irritation on the nipple and areola.

Source: Breast Cancer - wikipedia



Breast Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Breast Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Breast Cancer - Resources

American Breast Cancer Foundation

Breast Cancer Action

Breast Cancer ∙ Org

Breast Cancer Prevention Partners (BCPP)

Breast Cancer Research Foundation (BCRF)

Bright Pink
- Our mission is to accelerate, deepen, and expand the impact of life-saving breast and ovarian health interventions

Hurwitz Breast Cancer Fund

Inflammatory Breast Cancer Foundation (IBC)

Know Your Lemons

Living Beyond Breast Cancer

National Breast Cancer Foundation

Rivkin Cancer -
To improve women’s health by helping them prevent, detect early, and survive ovarian and breast cancer.

Shirley Mae Breast Cancer Assistance Fund

Smart Patients
- Breast Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Breast Cancer Community

Share Cancer Support
- to support, educate, and empower women facing breast, ovarian, uterine, cervical or metastatic breast cancer

Susan G. Komen.org

The Red Devils
- Supporting Breast Cancer Families

Triple Negative Breast Cancer Foundation

United Breast Cancer Foundation

Very Well - Breast Cancer page

Young Survival Coalition


Breast Cancer - International Resources

Against Breast Cancer - United Kingdom

Breast Cancer Now
- United Kingdom

Cancer Research UK

Cancer Research UK
- Breast cancer resources and support organizations

CoppaFeel!
- To ensure all breast cancers in young people are diagnosed early and accurately

EUROPA DONNA
- The European Breast Cancer Coalition

Flatt Friends
United Kingdom

Hong Kong Breast Cancer Foundation

The Haven
- German Language site

The Inflammatory Breast Cancer Network UK




Breast Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Breast Cancer

GiveSendGo - Breast Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Breast Cancer Fighters





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Liver Cancer

Liver Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - October

Liver cancer, also known as hepatic cancer, primary hepatic cancer, or primary hepatic malignancy, is cancer that starts in the liver.  Liver cancer can be primary in which the cancer starts in the liver, or it can be liver metastasis, or secondary, in which the cancer spreads from elsewhere in the body to the liver. Liver metastasis is the more common of the two liver cancers.

The leading cause of liver cancer is cirrhosis due to hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or alcohol.  Other causes include aflatoxin, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease and liver flukes.  The most common types are HCC, which makes up 80% of cases and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma.  The diagnosis may be supported by blood tests and medical imaging, with confirmation by tissue biopsy. 

Given that there are many different causes of liver cancer, there are many approaches to liver cancer prevention.  These efforts include immunization against hepatitis B, hepatitis B treatment, hepatitis C treatment, decreasing alcohol use, decreasing exposure to aflatoxin in agriculture, and management of obesity and diabetes.  Screening is recommended in those with chronic liver disease.  For example, it is recommended that people with chronic liver disease who are at risk for hepatocellular carcinoma be screened every 6 months using ultrasound imaging. 

Because liver cancer is an umbrella term for many types of cancer, the signs and symptoms depend on what type of cancer is present. Symptoms can be vague and broad. Cholangiocarcinoma is associated with sweating, jaundice, abdominal pain, weight loss, and liver enlargement. Hepatocellular carcinoma is associated with abdominal mass, abdominal pain, vomiting, anemia, back pain, jaundice, itching, weight loss and fever.

Treatment options may include surgery, targeted therapy and radiation therapy.   In certain cases, ablation therapy, embolization therapy or liver transplantation may be used.

Source: Liver Cancer - wikipedia



Liver Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Liver Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

Medical News Today

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Liver Cancer - Resources

American Association for the Study of Liver Disease (AASLD)

American Liver Foundation

American Liver Foundation

City of Hope
- Liver Cancer Support Services

Fibrolamellar Cancer Foundation

Hepatitis B Foundation

One Liver to Love

Prevent Cancer Foundation
- Liver Cancer

Smart Patients
- Liver Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Liver Cancer Community

Blue Faery
- The Adrienne Wilson Liver Cancer Association

The Pelican Foundation

UPMC Liver Cancer Center
- (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center)

Very Well - Hepatitis page


Liver Cancer - International Resources

British Liver Trust

Canadian Liver Foundation

Cancer Research UK

Global Liver Institute (GLI)

EASL - The Home of Hepatology
- Brussels, Belgium

Guts UK
- We're the charity for the digestive system; the gut, liver and pancreas

International Liver Cancer Association (ILCA)

Hong Kong Liver Cancer and Gastrointestinal Cancer Foundation




Liver Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Liver Cancer

GiveSendGo - Liver Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Liver Cancer Fighters














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November







Pancreatic Cancer

Pancreatic Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - November

Pancreatic cancer arises when cells in the pancreas, a glandular organ behind the stomach, begin to multiply out of control and form a mass.

These cancerous cells have the ability to invade other parts of the body.

There are a number of types of pancreatic cancer. The most common, pancreatic adenocarcinoma, accounts for about 85% of cases, and the term "pancreatic cancer" is sometimes used to refer only to that type.

These adenocarcinomas start within the part of the pancreas which makes digestive enzymes. Several other types of cancer, which collectively represent the majority of the non-adenocarcinomas, can also arise from these cells.

One to two in every hundred cases of pancreatic cancer are neuroendocrine tumors, which arise from the hormone-producing cells of the pancreas. These are generally less aggressive than pancreatic adenocarcinoma.

Signs and symptoms of the most common form of pancreatic cancer may include yellow skin, abdominal or back pain, unexplained weight loss, light-colored stools, dark urine and loss of appetite.

There are usually no symptoms in the disease's early stages, and symptoms that are specific enough to suggest pancreatic cancer typically do not develop until the disease has reached an advanced stage. By the time of diagnosis, pancreatic cancer has often spread to other parts of the body.

Pancreatic cancer rarely occurs before the age of 40, and more than half of cases of pancreatic adenocarcinoma occur in those over 70.

Risk factors for pancreatic cancer include tobacco smoking, obesity, diabetes, and certain rare genetic conditions.

About 25% of cases are linked to smoking,and 5–10% are linked to inherited genes.

Pancreatic cancer is usually diagnosed by a combination of medical imaging techniques such as ultrasound or computed tomography, blood tests, and examination of tissue samples (biopsy).

The disease is divided into stages, from early (stage I) to late (stage IV). Screening the general population has not been found to be effective

Source: Pancreatic Cancer - wikipedia



Pancreatic Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Pancreatic Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

Medical News Today

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Pancreatic Cancer - Resources

Hirshberg Foundation for Pancreatic Cancer Research

National Pancreatic Cancer Foundation

Pancreatica

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network
- Clinical Trials Finder

Pancreatic Cancer Alliance

Purple Stride

Rolfe Pancreatic Cancer Foundation

Seena Magowitz Foundation

Smart Patients
- Pancreatic Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Pancreatic Cancer Community

The Lustgarten Foundation - Pancreatic Cancer Research

The National Pancreas Foundation

Pancreatic Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Research UK - Pancreatic Cancer

European Society for Medical Oncology - (ESMO)
- Pancreatic Cancer: A Guide for Patients

PanKind Australian Pancreatic Cancer Foundation

Pancare Foundation
- Australia

Pancreatic Cancer Alliance

Pancreatic Cancer Canada

Pancreatic Cancer UK

Pancreatic Cancer Research Fund
- United Kingdom

World Pancreatic Cancer Coalition





Pancreatic Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Pancreatic Cancer

GiveSendGo - Pancreatic Cancer Fighters



International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Pancreatic Cancer Fighters





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Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - November

Lung cancer, also known as lung carcinoma, is a malignant tumor that begins in the lung.  Lung cancer is caused by genetic damage to the DNA of cells in the airways, often caused by cigarette smoking or inhaling damaging chemicals.

Damaged airway cells gain the ability to multiply unchecked, causing the growth of a tumor. Without treatment, tumors spread throughout the lung, damaging lung function.  Eventually lung tumors metastasize, spreading to other parts of the body.

Early lung cancer often has no symptoms and can only be detected by medical imaging. As the cancer progresses, most people experience nonspecific respiratory problems: coughing, shortness of breath, or chest pain.

Other symptoms depend on the location and size of the tumor. Those suspected of having lung cancer typically undergo a series of imaging tests to determine the location and extent of any tumors. Definitive diagnosis of lung cancer requires a biopsy of the suspected tumor be examined by a pathologist under a microscope.

In addition to recognizing cancerous cells, a pathologist can classify the tumor according to the type of cells it originates from. Around 15% of cases are small-cell lung cancer (SCLC), and the remaining 85% (the non-small-cell lung cancers or NSCLC) are adenocarcinomas, squamous-cell carcinomas, and large-cell carcinomas.  After diagnosis, further imaging and biopsies are done to determine the cancer's stage based on how far it has spread.

Treatment for early stage lung cancer includes surgery to remove the tumor, sometimes followed by radiation therapy and chemotherapy to kill any remaining cancer cells. Later stage cancer is treated with radiation therapy and chemotherapy alongside drug treatments that target specific cancer subtypes.

Most lung cancer cases are caused by tobacco smoking. The remainder are caused by exposure to hazardous substances like asbestos and radon gas, or by genetic mutations that arise by chance. Consequently, lung cancer prevention efforts encourage people to avoid hazardous chemicals and quit smoking. Quitting smoking both reduces one's chance of developing lung cancer and improves treatment outcomes in those already diagnosed with lung cancer.

Source: Lung Cancer - wikipedia



Lung Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Lung Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net
- Non-Small Cell

Cancer.Net
- Small Cell

Cleveland Clinic

Mayo Clinic

Medical News Today

MedicineNet

Medline Plus

WebMD




Lung Cancer - Resources

A Breath of Hope - Lung Foundation

American Lung Association

GO2 for Lung Cancer

Lung Cancer Foundation of America

Lung Cancer Journal

Lung Cancer Research Foundation

LUNGevity Foundation

Mesothelioma.net

Mesothelioma & Asbestos Awareness Center

Smart Patients
- Lung Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Lung Cancer Community

Lung Cancer Initiative
- A Network of Hope and Action

The American College of Chest Physicians (CHEST)

Upstage Lung Cancer

Wortman Lung Cancer Foundation


Lung Cancer - International Resources

ALK Positive - We are a Patient-Driven Organization, Dedicated to Improving the life expectancy and quality of life for ALK-Positive Patients Worldwide

Asthma + Lung UK

Canadian Cancer Survivor Network
- International Lung Cancer Organizations

Canada Lung Association

Canada Research UK

European Lung Foundation

European Society For Medical Oncology
- Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer: A Guide for Patients

International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer (IASLC)

La Asociación Española Contra el Cáncer
- Spain

Longkanker Nederland
- Netherlands

Lung Cancer Canada

Lung Cancer Europe

Lung Foundation Australia

Roy Castle Lung Cancer Foundation
- United Kingdom

The Japan Lung Cancer Society
- English Translated version of the site is in the upper right of the page

United Kingdom Lung Cancer Coalition

Women Against Lung Cancer in Europe (WALCE)




Lung Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Lung Cancer

GiveSendGo - Lung Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Lung Cancer Fighters











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Stomach Cancer

Stomach Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - November

Stomach cancer, also known as gastric cancer, is a cancer that develops from the lining of the stomach.  Most cases of stomach cancers are gastric carcinomas, which can be divided into a number of subtypes, including gastric adenocarcinomas.  Lymphomas and mesenchymal tumors may also develop in the stomach. 

Early symptoms may include heartburn, upper abdominal pain, nausea, and loss of appetite.   Later signs and symptoms may include weight loss, yellowing of the skin and whites of the eyes, vomiting, difficulty swallowing, and blood in the stool, among others.  The cancer may spread from the stomach to other parts of the body, particularly the liver, lungs, bones, lining of the abdomen, and lymph nodes.

The most common cause is infection by the bacterium Helicobacter pylori, which accounts for more than 60% of cases.  Certain strains of H. pylori have greater risks than others.  About 10% of cases run in families, and between 1% and 3% of cases are due to genetic syndromes inherited such as hereditary diffuse gastric cancer

Most of the time, stomach cancer develops in stages over years.  Diagnosis is usually by biopsy done during endoscopy.  This is followed by medical imaging to determine if the disease has spread to other parts of the body.  Japan and South Korea, two countries that have high rates of the disease, screen for stomach cancer.

A Mediterranean diet lowers the risk of stomach cancer, as does not smoking.  Tentative evidence indicates that treating H. pylori decreases the future risk.  If stomach cancer is treated early, it can be cured.  Treatments may include some combination of surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and targeted therapy.  For certain subtypes of gastric cancer, cancer immunotherapy is an option as well.  If treated late, palliative care may be advised.

Source: Stomach Cancer - wikipedia



Stomach Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Stomach Cancer

American Cancer Society

Cancer.Net

Cleveland Clinic

Healthline

MacMillan Cancer Support

Mayo Clinic

Medline Plus

National Cancer Institute

WebMD




Stomach Cancer - Resources

Debbie's Dream Foundation - Curing Stomach Cancer

DeGregorio Family Foundation
- Research & Education for Stomach & Esophageal Cancer

Gastric Cancer Foundation

Hope for Stomach Cancer

No Stomach for Cancer

Smart Patients
- Stomach Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Stomach Cancer Community

Stupid Strong


Stomach Cancer - International Resources

Cancer Research UK

Guts UK
- We're the charity for the digestive system; the gut, liver and pancreas

OPA Cancer Charity (UK)
- Oesophageal & Gastic Support

PanCare Foundation
- Australia




Stomach Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Stomach Cancer

GiveSendGo - Stomach Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Stomach Cancer Fighters





cancer research






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Carcinoid Cancer

Carcinoid Cancer Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - November

A carcinoid (also carcinoid tumor) is a slow-growing type of neuroendocrine tumor originating in the cells of the neuroendocrine system that can grow in several places throughout the body. 

A carcinoid tumor often begins in the stomach, small intestine, colon, rectum, or lungs; carcinoid tumors are the most common malignancy of the appendix. Carcinoid tumors of the mid-gut are associated with carcinoid syndrome.  In some cases, metastasis may occur. 

Symptoms often don't appear until late in the disease and are vague. Examples include diarrhea and skin flushing.  

While most carcinoids are asymptomatic and are discovered only upon surgery for unrelated reasons, all carcinoids are considered to have malignant potential.

About 10% of carcinoids secrete excessive levels of a range of hormones, most notably serotonin (5-HT), causing:   

  • Flushing
  • Diarrhea
  • Wheezing
  • Abdominal cramping
  • Peripheral edema

The outflow of serotonin can cause a depletion of tryptophan leading to niacin deficiency. Niacin deficiency, also known as pellagra, is associated with dermatitis, dementia, and diarrhea.

This constellation of symptoms is called carcinoid syndrome or (if acute) carcinoid crisis. Occasionally, hemorrhage or the effects of tumor bulk are the presenting symptoms.

Treatment includes surgery and medications, such as drugs that block cancer cells from secreting hormones or boost the immune system.

Source: Carcinoid Cancer - wikipedia



Carcinoid Cancer - Information

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Carcinoid Cancer

American Cancer Society - Gastrointestinal Carcinoid Tumors

American Cancer Society
- Lung Carcinoid Tumor

Cancer.Net
- Neuroendocrine Tumors

Cancer.Net
- Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Gastrointestinal Tract

Cancer.Net
- Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Lung

Cancer.Net
- Neuroendocrine Tumor of the Pancrease

Mayo Clinic

MedicineNet

Medline Plus
- Carcinoid Syndrome

Medline Plus
- Carcinoid Tumors

National Cancer Institute
- Gastrointestinal Neuroendocrine Tumors

National Cancer Institute
- Neuroendocrine Tumor (NET)

WebMD




Carcinoid Cancer - Resources

AMENSupport - American Multiple Endocrine Neoplasia Support

Carcinoid Cancer Foundation

LACNETS
- Learn•Advocate•Connect - A Neuroendocrine Tumor Society

NANETS - North American Neuroendocrine Tumor Society

Net Cancer Foundation

Neuroendocrine Cancer Awareness Network

Neuroendocrine Tumor Research Foundation

NorCal CarciNET
- Strength in Community

Smart Patients
- Carcinoid Cancer Clinical Trials

Smart Patients
- Carcinoid Cancer Community


Carcinoid Cancer - International Resources

Canadian Neuroendocrine Tumour Society - CNETS

Cancer Research UK
- Neuroendocrine tumours

Healing Net Foundation

International Neuroendocrine Cancer Alliance - INCA

Living with Neuroendocrine Cancer

Neuroendocrine Cancer UK

Pheopara Alliance - PPA




Carcinoid Cancer - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who need help fighting Carcinoid Cancer

GiveSendGo - Carcinoid Cancer Fighters

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Carcinoid Cancer Fighters





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Cancer Caregivers Month

Cancer CareGiver Awareness Ribbon - Gold Nano - November
Cancer Fighters

Cancer Financial Assistance Foundation

Cancer Hope Network

Cancer Support Community

Cancer Treatment Centers of America

Choose Hope
- Cancer Awareness Products

City of Hope

Compass Cancer Center

Family Reach

Hope Connections for Cancer Support

Joe's House
- A Lodging Guide for Cancer Patients

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center

My Cancer Connection

PAN Foundation
- Were Helping Uninsured Patients Get the Medicine They Need

Partnership for Prescription Assistance

Patient Advocacy Foundation

Patient Advocate Foundation
- Co-Pay Relief

Patient Airlift Services
- Free Medical and Compassion Flights for Patients and Veterans

Roswell Park Cancer Institute

SingleCare.com
- Save on your prescriptions

Stand by Me
- Stand By Me is a nonprofit organization that provides emotional and physical support to Jewish-Israeli-American cancer patients and their families.

Smart Patients
- An online community where patients and caregivers learn from each other.

St. Judes Children's Research Hospital




Cancer Caregivers - International Resources

MacMillian Cancer Support Centers - serving the United Kingdom

Maggies
- provides free expert care and support in centers across the UK and online



Cancer Caregiver - Crowdfunding

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages for those who are Giving Care to those who are fighting Cancer.

GiveSendGo - Cancer Caregivers

International Crowdfunding

JustGiving (UK)
- Cancer Caregivers











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December



December has not been selected as a Cancer Awareness Month









Clinical Cancer Trials
Information & Resources

A clinical trial is a comparison test with volunteers designed to learn more about a pharmaceutical or other medical therapy against a placebo (an inert look-alike) to learn more about how our bodies respond to potential new medicines or treatments.


The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Clinical Cancer Trials.

Agusta University / Georgia Cancer Center - Clinical Trials

MassiveBio - Clinical Trials

MD Anderson - Clinical Trials

Medicine Plus - Understanding Clinical Trials

Merck - Clinical Trials

National Cancer Institute - Participate in Cancer Research

National Library of Medicine - Clinical Trials.gov

Pancreatic Cancer Action Network - Clinical Trials Finder

RJW Barnabas Health - Clinical Trials Overview

Sarah Cannon - Clinical Trials

SARC - Collaborating to Cure SarcomaFind a Clinical Trial

Smart Patients - Clinical Trials Community

S-P-O-H-N-C - (Support for People with Oral and Head and Neck Cancer) - Clinical Trials

Stand-Up to Cancer - Cancer Clinical Trials

Survivor Net - Clinical Trial Finder

University of Colorado - Anschutz Medical Campus - Clinical Trials

University of Pittsburgh Medical Center (UPMC) - Clinical Trials


International Clinical Cancer Trials

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Clinical Cancer Trials.

Cancer Research UK - Find a Clinical Trial





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Cancer Discussion
Forums

Sometimes you need to talk to someone who understands what you are experiencing, to know that you're not alone. It helps to communicate with others and gain their help and advice.


The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Cancer Forums.

American Cancer Society - Cancer Survivors Network

American College of Surgeons
- CAnswer Forums

American Public Health Association
- Cancer Forum

Association of Cancer Online Resources
- ACOR is a unique collection of online cancer communities designed to provide timely and accurate information in a supportive environment

Breast Cancer • Org
- Community discussion forums

BeatCancer.org
- Forum (We have moved our forum to a public FaceBook Group. We have over 60 coaches moderating the group waiting to answer your questions)

Cancer Fighters
- The Cancer Fighters Community offers truly amazing connections and support from wonderful people who know what you’re going through

Cancer Grace
- Forums

Friend 4 Life
- Cancer Support Network : Be Matched With A Volunteer

ThyCa: Thyroid Cancer Survivors' Association
- Support Groups



International Cancer Forums

The links below will take you directly to the website's pages on Cancer Forums.

Cancer Council Online Community - Australia

Cancer Research UK
- Cancer Chat is here to support you, every step of the way

MacMillan Cancer Support (UK)
- Online Community

Pancreatic Cancer UK
- Our discussion forum











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Universal Resources
for Fighting Cancer


American Association of Cancer Research

American Cancer Society

Arizona Cancer Foundation

Association of Community Cancer Centers

BeatCancer.org

Cancer.Net

Cancer101

Cancer Fighters

Cancer Financial Assistance Coalition

Cancer Guide for Seniors
- Family Assets

Cancer Hope Network

Cancer Legal Resource Center

Cancer Quest
- Emory Winship Cancer Institute

Cancer Research Foundation

Cancer Research Institute

Cancer Support Community

Cancer Tutor

Centers for Disease Control (CDC)

Compass Oncology

Choose Hope
- We sell cancer awareness products to help fund the cure for cancer and give patients hope for the future

Conquer Cancer Foundation
- The ASCO Foundation

Fox Chase Cancer Center
- Temple University

Friend 4 Life
- Cancer Support Network

Georgia Cancer Center
- Augusta University

Hillman Cancer Center
- UPMC (University of Pittsburgh Medical Center)

How Does Medicare Cover Cancer Treatment?
- Boomer Benefits

Huntsman Cancer Institute
- University of Utah

Jack & Jill
- Late Stage Cancer Foundation

Kimmel Cancer Center
- Women's Health

King Hussein Cancer Foundation
- USA

Ludwig Cancer Research

Mauti Cancer Fund

Mays Cancer Center
- Mays Cancer Center, home to UT Health San Antonio MD Anderson Cancer Center

Mesothelioma & Asbestos Awareness Center

Native American Cancer Research Corporation

National Cancer Coalition

National Cancer Institute

National Cancer Institute
Division of Cancer Control & Population Sciences

National Foundation for Cancer Research

National LGBT Cancer Network

National Organization for Rare Disorders - NORD

Oncolink

PAN Foundation

Prevent Cancer

Sarah Cannon
- Fighting Cancer Together

Sidney Kimmel Cancer Center
- at John Hopkins Hospital (Baltimore)

Stand by Me
- Supporting Cancer Patients

Stand Up 2 Cancer

Stupid Cancer
- We Make Adolescent & Young Adult Cancer Suck Less

Target Cancer Foundation
- Advancing Innovation in Rare Cancers

The Intercultural Cancer Council Caucus

The Truth About Cancer

The Ulman Cancer Fund for Young Adults

University of Colorado Cancer Center

U.S. National Library of Medicine

The V Foundation for Cancer Research
- Victory Over Cancer

VeryWell.com
- Trusted health information when you need it most




Universal International Resources
for Fighting Cancer


Canadian Cancer Society

Canadian Cancer Survivor Network

Cancer Research UK

Cancer Support UK
- Cancer Compass: simple questions to help guide you on your cancer recovery journey

Cancer Truth
- French website

ESMO - European Society For Medical Oncology

Global Cancer Observatory

King Hussein Cancer Foundation
- Jordan

Hope4Cancer Treatment Centers™
- World-Renowned Cancer Treatment Center in Mexico

Ludwig Cancer Research

Macmillan Cancer Support
- United Kingdom

Oncology Compass
- Switzerland





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