Homepage / Bullion Coins: Mexican Bullion / Fractional Mexican Gold Libertad


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Mexican Gold Libertad Half oz.
&
Fractional Gold Libertads

1981 to Present



Libertad means "Freedom" in Spanish.

The Libertad is a symbol of Mexico's Independence; Mexico won its independence from Spain on August 24th, 1821.

However, this is not the date of its celebrated 'Independence Day,' that day is September 16th.

On September 16th, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, started the Mexican War of Independence when he gave his famous speech 'Grito de Dolores' or 'Cry of Delores,' named after the town in Guanajuato where it took place.

He rang the bell of his church to get the town's attention, and he called on the people to rise against their Spanish-European occupiers.

Note: Outside of Mexico, 'Cinco de Mayo' is frequently misinterpreted as Mexico's Independence Day, which it isn't, 'Cinco de Mayo' celebrates the Mexican victory over French forces at the Battle of Puebla on May 5, 1862.




The History of the
Gold Libertad



In 1981, Banco de Mexico introduced the Mexican Gold Libertad, and the Mexican Mint began production of the 1 oz, 1/2 oz, and 1/4 oz Gold Libertads.

winged victory angel

There is little information about Gold Libertad's first ten years of production; mintage figures are only available for its first year of minting.

Gold Libertads are made of .999 fine gold and minted in the following sizes: 1/20 oz, 1/10 oz, 1/4 oz, 1/2 oz, and one troy ounce.

In 1991, the Mexican Mint added the 1/10 oz and 1/20 oz Gold Libertads to the bullion series.

From 1981 through 1994, the Gold Libertad Onza portrayed the same design as the Centenario 'Winged Victory' Angel taken from Mexico's 50-peso gold bullion coin (pictured right).

There were no Libertads minted from 1995 to 1999.

The Mexican Mint resumed the production of the 1oz. Gold Libertad in 2000, stopped in 2001 and 2002, then in 2003, they resumed minting the Libertad, and have without interruption.




The Libertad's New Design



2019 1oz. Gold Libertad Reverse

In 2000, due to the high demand for gold coins, the Mexican Mint started to mint the Gold Libertad again, but this time with a new design.

The Libertad's reverse side's new design portrayed a different "Winged Victory" Angel from the ONZA; this gave the Gold Libertad the same reverse design of the Silver Libertads.

In the right hand of the "Winged Victory" Angel, she holds a laurel crown, symbolizing Victory, and in her left hand, she holds a broken chain, symbolizing Freedom.



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Design of Fractional
Mexican Gold Libertads



Obverse

Half oz Gold Mexican Libertad Obverse

The Obverse side of each fractional-sized Mexican Gold Libertad bullion coin features the National Coat of Arms of Mexico.

The Coat of Arms depicts a Mexican Golden Eagle perched upon a prickly pear cactus with a snake in its beak.

There is a wreath below the eagle, half made of oak leaves and the other half made of laurel leaves.

Above the Eagle are the words "ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS," Mexico's official name in the Spanish language.

The fractional Mexican Gold Libertads has a reeded Edge.

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion








Reverse

2023 - Half oz Gold Mexican Libertad Reverse

The reverse side of the 1/2 oz Mexican Gold Libertad features the "Winged Victory" Angel design; other fractional Mexican Gold Libertads have the same design.

The angel is atop the Victory Column, in front of the volcanic mountains of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl.

Along the top of the Half oz (and all fractional) Mexican Gold Libertad is "1/2 ONZA" (1/2 ounce), "ORO PURO" (pure gold).

The Year of Issue is too across the top of the Libertad, along with "Ley" (pure) ."999"

The "M" under an "O" symbol is the 'Mint Mark' of the Mexican Mint.

Note: All Mexican Gold Libertads have no Face Value.

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion





The Mexican Libertad is a Round,
Not a Coin



The Mexican Libertad is technically a Bullion "Round" and Not a Bullion "Coin," the differences are slight but important to know.

Bullion with a "Face Value" is a "Coin" because the term "Coin" is Only used for government-backed legal tender with a Face Value.

Bullion Rounds have no "Face Value" because, in most cases, "Rounds" are manufactured by a private mint or  privately held entity, and No Government backs them. 

There are some exceptions to this rule, for example, the Mexican Libertad.

The Mexican Mint produces Gold and Silver Libertads under the authority of the Central Bank of Mexico (Banco de Mexico) and the Mexican Government.

However, Silver and Gold Libertads are Rounds and Not Coins because they Do Not Have a Face Value.

Learn more about the Differences between Coins and Rounds here.




Fractional Sized
Mexican Gold Libertad
Information




1/2 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Information:

Introduction:.......1981

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/2 Troy oz.

Total Weight:.......15.55 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............29.00mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded









1/4 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Information:

Quarter oz Gold Mexican Libertad Reverse

Introduction:.......1981

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/4 Troy oz.

Total Weight:........7.77 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............23.00mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion









1/10 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Information:

Tenth oz Gold Mexican Libertad Reverse

Introduction:.......1991

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/10 Troy oz.

Total Weight:.......3.12 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............16.01mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion









1/20 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Information:

Twentieth oz Gold Mexican Libertad Reverse

Introduction:.......1991

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/20 Troy oz.

Total Weight:.......1.56 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............12.96mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded

Coin Photo courtesy of SD Bullion





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Fractional Mexican Gold Libertad
Mintage Figures:




Year.......1/2oz..........1/4oz..........1/10oz........1/20oz.


1981......193,000.........313,000


1991......10,000...........10,000...........10,000...........10,000


1992......25,220...........28,106...........50,777...........65,225


1993......2,500............2,500.............10,000...........10,000


1994......2,500............2,500.............10,000...........10,000


1995............0...............0......................0...................0


1996............0...............0......................0...................0


1997............0...............0......................0...................0


1998............0...............0......................0...................0


1999............0...............0......................0...................0


2000............0...............0.......................0..................0


2001............0...............0.......................0..................0


2002............0...............0.......................0..................0


2003..........800.............800...................800...........1,300


2004..........500............1,500................2,000..........6,500


2005..........500...............500..................500..........3,000


2006..........500............1,500................2,500..........3,000


2007..........500...............500................1,200..........1,200


2008..........300...............800................2,500............800


2009.........3,000.............3,000...............9,000........2,000


2010.........1,500.............1,500...............4,500........1,500


2011.........1,500.............1,500...............6,500........2,500


2012.............0...................0...................0.................0


2013............500................750...............2,150...........650


2014..........1,000.............1,000...............2,450.........1,050


2015..........1,100.............1,300...............4,100.........1,300


2016..........1,200.............1,000...............3,800.........2,900


2017............700................500..................300.........1,000


2018............1,250.............1,250...............1,500.........2,500


2019............1,500.............1,500...............1,250.........1,500


2020..............700................700.................700............700


2021..............500................500.................850............1,000


2022..............1,000.............1,300.............1,400............1,100


2023..............1,000.............1,000.............1,750............2,000


Year.............1/2oz..........1/4oz..........1/10oz........1/20oz.



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The Story Behind the Mexican Coat of Arms

mexican coat of arms

In the early 1300s, an Aztec tribe also known as the Mexica tribe, who had no homeland, wandered around the northern areas of the country, known as Mesoamerica, in search of a place to build their Empire.

As the legend goes, in 1323, the tribe's leader received a vision in a dream that they were to settle at the place where they saw an eagle with a snake in its beak, while perched at the top of a prickly pear cactus.

Two years later, the dream was fulfilled on a swampy island, in Lake Texcoco.

Scouts for the tribe found the eagle, snake, and cactus in the same fashion that the leader described to them, in his vision.

This is where the tribe settled and built the city of Tenochtitlan, (tuh·nowch·teet·laan) which became the center of the Aztec Empire.

Today, Tenochtitlan is Mexico City.

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