Homepage / Bullion Coins: Mexican Bullion / Fractional Mexican Gold Libertad


Mexican Gold Libertad Half oz.
&
Fractional Gold Libertads

1981 to Present





Miguel Hidalgo y CostillaMiguel Hidalgo y Costilla

Libertad translated into English means 'Freedom.'

The Libertad is a symbol of Mexico's Independence; Mexico won its independence from Spain on August 24th, 1821.

However, this is not the date of its celebrated 'Independence Day,' that date is September 16th.

On September 16th, 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a Catholic priest, started the Mexican War of Independence when he gave his famous speech "Grito de Dolores" or “Cry of Delores,” named after the town in Guanajuato where it took place.

He rang the bell of his church to get the town's attention, and he called on the people to rise against their Spanish-European occupiers.

Note:

In the United States, 'Cinco de Mayo' is often misinterpreted as Mexico's Independence Day.  Although 'Cinco de Mayo' or the '5th of May' does celebrate a significant victory in  Mexico's history, it's not the county's Independence Day.





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The History of the
Gold Libertad




The Mexican Gold Libertad was introduced in 1981.

At that time, the Mexican Mint only produced the 1 oz, 1/2 oz, and 1/4 oz. Gold Libertads.

winged victory angel

The Mexican Mint introduced the Gold Libertad in 1981.

Little is known about the first ten years of Gold Libertads production, in fact, mintage figures are only available for its first year of minting.

From 1982 thru 1990, mintage figures for the Gold Libertad are very hard to find, and additional information about the Libertad is limited.

Gold Libertad's are made of .999 fine gold and are minted in the following sizes; 1/20, 1/10, 1/4, 1/2, and one troy ounce.

From 1981 to 1994, the Mexican Gold Libertad Onza portrayed the same design as the Centenario “Winged Victory" Angel taken from Mexico's 50-peso gold bullion coin.

There were no Gold Libertads minted from 1995 to 1999.

However, since 2000, they have been minted without interruption.





The Libertad's New Design




In the year 2000, due to the high demand of gold coins, the Mexican Mint started to mint the Gold Libertad again, but this time with a new design.

The reverse side's new design displayed a different "Winged Victory" Angel from the ONZA, this gave the Gold Libertad the same reverse design of the Silver Libertads.

In the right hand of the "Winged Victory" Angel, she holds a laurel crown, symbolizing Victory and in her left hand, she holds a broken chain, symbolizing Freedom.






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Design of Fractional
Mexican Gold Libertads




Obverse































The Obverse side of each fractional sized Mexican Gold Libertad bullion coin features the National Coat of Arms of Mexico.

National Coat of Arms of MexicoNational Coat of Arms of Mexico

The Coat of Arms depicts a Mexican Golden Eagle perched upon a prickly pear cactus, with a snake in its beak.

There is a wreath below the eagle, half made of oak leaves the other half made of laurel leaves.

Above the Eagle are the words "ESTADOS UNIDOS MEXICANOS," Mexico's official name in the Spanish language.

The Edge is Reeded on each of the fractional Mexican Gold Libertads.








Reverse

half oz gold libertad






























The reverse side of the 1/2 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad features the "Winged Victory" Angel design. (other fractional Mexican Gold Libertads have the same design)

The angel is depicted atop the Victory Column, in front of the volcanic mountains of Popocatepetl and Iztaccihuatl.

Inscribed along the top of the Half oz. Mexican Gold Libertad is "1/2 ONZA" (1/2 ounce), "ORO PURO" (pure gold).

The Year of Issue is also displayed along the top of the Libertad, along with "Ley" (pure) ."999"

The "M" under an "O" symbol is the 'Mint Mark' of the Mexican Mint.

Note: The Fractional-Sized Mexican Gold Libertads have no Face Value.







Mexican Libertad
Are they Bullion Coins or Rounds?




The Mexican Libertad is technically a Bullion 'Round,' and Not a Bullion 'Coin,' the differences are slight but important to know.

Bullion Coins have a 'face value' because the term 'Coin' is used specifically for government backed legal tender. 

Bullion Rounds have no 'face value' because in most cases 'Rounds' are manufactured by a private mint or a privately held entity, and no government backs them.

There are some exceptions to this rule, one example being the Mexican Libertad.

The Mexican Mint produces Gold and Silver Libertads, under the authority of the Central Bank of Mexico (Banco de Mexico), and the Mexican Government.

However, Silver and Gold Libertads DO NOT have a Face Value, and for this reason, they are often referred to as Rounds and not Coins.

You can learn more about a Bullion Coin's anatomy here.







Fractional Sized
Mexican Gold Libertad
Coin Information





1/2 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Coin Information:

Introduction:.......1981

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/2 Troy oz. (ozt.)

Total Weight:.......15.55 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............29.00mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded










1/4 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Coin Information:

Introduction:.......1981

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/4 Troy oz. (ozt.)

Total Weight:........7.77 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............23.00mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded










1/10 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Coin Information:

Introduction:.......1991

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/10 Troy oz. (ozt.)

Total Weight:.......3.12 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............16.01mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded










1/20 oz. Mexican Gold Libertad
Coin Information:

Introduction:.......1991

IRA approved:......Yes

Grade:.................Uncirculated

Face Value:..........No

Silver Content:.....1/20 Troy oz. (ozt.)

Total Weight:.......1.56 grams

Purity:.................99.90% / .999

karat:..................24 karat

Diameter:............12.96mm

Mint Mark:............Yes

Edge:...................Reeded






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Fractional Mexican Gold Libertad
Mintage Figures:





Year.......1/2oz..........1/4oz..........1/10oz........1/20oz.


1981......193,000.........313,000


1991......10,000...........10,000...........10,000...........10,000


1992......25,220...........28,106...........50,777...........65,225


1993......2,500............2,500.............10,000...........10,000


1994......2,500............2,500.............10,000...........10,000


1995............0...............0......................0...................0


1996............0...............0......................0...................0


1997............0...............0......................0...................0


1998............0...............0......................0...................0


1999............0...............0......................0...................0


2000............0...............0.......................0..................0


2001............0...............0.......................0..................0


2002............0...............0.......................0..................0


2003..........800.............800...................800...........1,300


2004..........500............1,500................2,000..........6,500


2005..........500...............500..................500..........3,000


2006..........500............1,500................2,500..........3,000


2007..........500...............500................1,200..........1,200


2008..........300...............800................2,500............800


2009.........3,000.............3,000...............9,000........2,000


2010.........1,500.............1,500...............4,500........1,500


2011.........1,500.............1,500...............6,500........2,500


2012.............0...................0...................0.................0


2013............500................750...............2,150...........650


2014..........1,000.............1,000...............2,450.........1,050


2015..........1,100.............1,300...............4,100.........1,300


2016..........1,200.............1,000...............3,800.........2,900


2017............700................500..................300.........1,000


2018............1,250.............1,250...............1,500.........2,500


2019............3,000.............3,000...............2,500.........3,000




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The Story Behind the Mexican Coat of Arms

mexican coat of arms

In the early 1300s, an Aztec tribe also known as the Mexica tribe, who had no homeland, wandered around the northern areas of the country, known as Mesoamerica, in search of a place to build their Empire.

As the legend goes, in 1323, the tribe's leader received a vision in a dream that they were to settle at the place where they saw an eagle with a snake in its beak, while perched at the top of a prickly pear cactus.

Two years later, the dream was fulfilled on a swampy island, in Lake Texcoco.

Scouts for the tribe found the eagle, snake, and cactus in the same fashion that the leader described to them, in his vision.

This is where the tribe settled and built the city of Tenochtitlan, which became the center of the Aztec Empire.

Today, Tenochtitlan is known as Mexico City.









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