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Supply and Demand
2010  -  2018

Last Updated 03/15/2019

Gold Facts

Gold is a chemical element with the symbol Au, the symbol comes from Latin word "Aurum" meaning "Gold."

Gold's atomic number is 79. Gold is a dense, soft, shiny metal, and is the most malleable and ductile metal known.

Pure gold has a bright yellow color, which it maintains without oxidizing in air or water.

Gold is a valuable and highly sought-after precious metal for coinage, jewelry, and other arts since long before the beginning of recorded history.

The metal occurs as nuggets or grains in rocks and in veins deposits.

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Gold Supply and Demand

World Gold Mine Production

world gold mine production 2009 - 2014

Gold Supply and Demand

gold mine production

Over the last 9 years, worldwide gold mine production has climbed year-over-year in most countries, while only a few saw production reduce during the same time period.

China is the largest producer of gold, however, their production has reduced by a little more than 10% over the last few years.

Russia and Australia have consistently increased production, in addition, Mexico's production more than doubled (51 to 125 tones) and Canada's production of gold nearly doubled (97 to 185 tones), over the last 9 years.

A few years ago, gold mine production decreased in Indonesia due to union strikes and the government shutting mines down over safety, however, over the last few years, they have been slowly increasing production, but they still haven't come back up to pre-strike gold production.

South Africa, was at one time the world's largest producer of gold, but now due to lower ore grades and mine closings, the country is expected to see continued mine production decreases.

Gold Supply

gold supply

Gold Supply and Demand

Gold Price & Supply

gold price and supply 2009 thru 2014

Gold Mine Production

Overall gold mine production has been on a constant rise over the last eight years.

Gold mining is a global business with operations on every continent, except Antarctica, and gold is extracted from mines of widely varying types and scale.

Recycled Gold

The decrease in Recycled Gold should not be surprising to anyone. 

Remember when gold was making its way up to $1900 a troy ounce, and just about everywhere you looked you saw advertisements or store fronts stating "WE BUY GOLD."

Well,  those signs have been slowly going away since the price of gold started to fall.

As the price of gold has decreased, so has recycled gold because people are no longer interested in selling their old jewelry and other items for extra cash.

Gold - Net Hedging

"Net Hedging" is; the change in the physical market impact of mining companies' gold forward sales, loans and options positions.

Hedging accelerates the sale of gold, a transaction which releases gold (from existing stocks) to the market. 

Over time, hedging activity does not generate a net increase in the supply of gold.  Dehedging, has the opposite impact and will reduce the amount of gold available to the market in any given quarter.

Gold Demand

2010 thru 2018 gold demand

Gold Supply and Demand

Gold Demand Numbers

Source: World Gold Council

Overall, the numbers and comparisons in the Gold Demand charts speak for themselves.

Jewellery demand has been consistent, and Technology has slowly used less and less gold over the last 8-years,

Furthermore, Central Banks have been consistent buyers of gold since 2011.

Investments in gold on the other hand have mostly been driven by the price of gold as you can see in the Gold Price & Demand chart below.

You can find more interpretation behind the numbers from the World Gold Council in the sources section below.

Gold Price & Demand

gold price and demand 2009 thru 2014

Gold Price Charts

Click the Links below to go to the Gold Price Charts page which offers you the following:

1) Gold Candlestick Chart - 14 month chart

2) Gold Foreign Currency Charts - 1 day charts

Sources: Gold Supply and Demand:

USGS.gov - Gold Statistics & Information 

World Gold Council

Wikipedia.org - Gold page

Gold Supply and Demand

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